Endocrinology Quiz

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Endocrinology Quiz

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The superior hypophyseal arteries supply the neurohypophysis

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Which of the following is considered a common symptom of Hashimoto’s disease?

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Which ion, in particular, is key in the synthesis of thyroid hormone (TH)?

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What is Addison’s disease?

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Which of the following are symptoms of isolated congenital GnRH deficiency (Kallmann’s Syndrome)?

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The superior hypophyseal arteries supply the adenohypophysis

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GH reduces peripheral utilisation of glucose, decreases glucose uptake by the muscle and enhances hepatic glucose output

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The inferior and middle hypophyseal arteries supply the neurohypophysis

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Which of the following statements best describes Cushing’s syndrome?

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What is one very important second messenger in plasma membrane hormone receptor signalling?

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Which of the following does the adrenal cortex produce?

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Which of the following hormones are produced in the anterior pituitary gland?

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Which of the following hormones are produced by the adrenal cortex?

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The following are causes of pituitary insufficiency except

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ADH is produced by the paired supraoptic nuclei SON (about 80%), and the paired paraventricular nuclei (PVN) 20 %.

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The half-life of vasopressin is short (about 10-20 minutes).

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The anterior lobe of the pituitary gland is called?

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The classical Adenine vasopressin responsive water channel.

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Which of the following hormones are stored in the posterior pituitary gland?

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The hormone that initiates the signaling pathway is called a ________.

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GH stimulates lipolysis by mobilising fat from adipose tissue

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GH reduces the absorption of calcium and phosphorous from the gastrointestinal and renal systems

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Oxytocin act on the non-pregnant uterus to facilitate sperm transport

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The hypothalamus is functionally and anatomically connected to the posterior pituitary lobe by a bridge of

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Growth hormone is produced as a prohormone in the ribosome

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Which one of the following hormones binds to the pituitary and stimulates the release of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)?

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Blood supply to the pituitary comes from the following arteries except

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The intermediate lobe of the pituitary gland is called?

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The hypothalamo-hypophyseal portal system ensures that significant amounts of neurohormones are transported from the median eminence to their target cells in the posterior pituitary

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Diabetes insipidus (DI) occurs when there is a deficiency in the secretion of ADH

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Vasopressin acts on the distal tubule and collecting duct via V2 receptors to decrease water absorption through the vasopressin responsive water channels

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Which of the following is an anterior pituitary hormone?

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FSH and LH hormones are produced by the somatotropes

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Which of the following hormones contributes to the regulation of the body’s fluid and electrolyte balance?

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How many hormones are produced by the posterior pituitary?

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Gigantism is excessive production of growth hormone in adults after epiphyseal closure

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Vasopressin acts via the V1A receptors to cause vasoconstriction and thus may increase blood pressure when present in enormous amounts

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Oxytocin appears to be involved in luteolysis (degeneration of the corpus luteum).

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Which of the following hormones are stored in the posterior pituitary gland?

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Alcohol inhibits ADH secretion by blocking calcium induced exocytosis

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Pain, nausea, vomiting, surgical stress, emotion, angiotensin II, standing, reduce vasopressin secretion

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Treatment of Diabetes Insipidus is by using a synthetic peptide desmopressin, which has a similar action as ADH

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Hormones mediate changes in target cells by ________.

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What is the most common cause for the overproduction of growth hormone in acromegaly?

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Which of the following best describes the ARTERIAL supply to the Thyroid gland?

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Which class of hormones can diffuse through plasma membranes?

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