WAEC Syllabus for Building Construction & Textbooks 2024/2025

The WAEC syllabus for Building Construction is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Building Construction exam.

Studying the Building Construction syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Building Construction Works syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Building Construction syllabus and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

Let me know in the comment section if you have any questions. I will love to hear from you.

WAEC Building Construction

Examination Scheme

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken in one sitting.

PAPER 1: Will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 45 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 2: This will consist of five short-structured essay questions. Candidates will be required to answer any four in1 hours for 60 marks.

PAPER 3: This will be a practical test.  It will consist of two sections, Sections A and B. The paper will take 2½ hours and will carry 100 marks.

Section A: This will be for candidates in Nigeria, Sierra Leone and The Gambia only. It will be on BUILDING DRAWING and shall consist of four questions including a compulsory one.  Candidates will be required to answer the compulsory question and any two of the other questions.

Section B: This Will be for candidates in Ghana only. It will consist of six essay questions including a compulsory one.  Candidates will be required to answer the compulsory question and any three of the other questions.

WAEC Building Construction

1Introduction to Building(i) Definition of building
(ii) Classification and types
(iii) Introduction to National Building Codes. (Building regulations and Byelaw requirements)
2Building Construction and Construction Team(i) Definition, purpose and procedures for building construction
(ii) Parties in the construction team. Client’s team, contractor’s team and statutory personnel.
(iii) Function of the team members. (iv)   Relationship of the parties.
3Safety Practices.(i) Definition of safety, rules and regulation.
(ii) Hazards in the workshop and construction site.
(iii) Causes and methods of accident prevention.
(iv) Safety equipment and measures at the construction site.
(v) First aid equipment, procedures and safety wear.
(vi) Safety in working with dangerous equipment and materials (electricity, scaffolding, formwork, cement, roof, etc).
4Basic tools, equipment and machines(i) Identification and functions of basic.
(ii) Tools and equipment.
(iii) Care of tools and equipment.
5Site clearing and levelling(i) Operations involved in site clearing.
(ii) Tools and equipment for site clearing and levelling.
(iii) Basic site levelling operations.
6Site organization and layout(i) Preliminary operations in building construction.
(ii) Procedure for site layout.
(iii) Location, boundary lines, hoarding, hutments and access road.
7Setting out(i) Methods of setting out.  (3:4:5 method, Builders’ square method).
(ii) Tools and equipment for setting out.
(iii) Procedures for setting out.
8Building Drawing(i) Use of drawing tools and simple exercise on plane geometry in relation to the building.
(ii) Building drawing symbols
(iii) Scales used in building and their application on-site.
(iv) Production drawings and interpretations Plans, Elevations, Sections and details).
(v) Special details (Detailing building elements including doors and windows schedule).
(vi) Scaling (Enlargement, pictorial and perspectives.
(vii) Definitions and use of Auto-CADD.
9Excavation and earthwork.(i) Classifications, types and properties of soil.
(ii) Definition and function of excavation.
(iii) Methods of excavations.
(iv) Tools, equipment and plant used for excavation.
(v) Solution to excavation problems (Earthwork support, timbering battering and dewatering).
(vi) Safety rules during excavations.
10Foundation(i) Definition, purpose and functional requirement of the foundation. (ii) Types of foundation.
(iii) Factors that determine the choice of foundation.
11Ground Floors(i) Types, functions and functional requirements of the ground floor. (ii) Methods of construction ground floor.
(iii) Definition of the basement.
(iv) Explain the differences between buildings with basements and without a basement.
(v) Problems relating to the basement in a building.
12Suspended floors(i) Definition and functions of upper floor
(ii) Methods of construction of concrete floors and timber upper floors.
13Concrete(i) Definition and types of concrete.
(ii) Materials for concrete.
(iii) Definitions of types, components and manufacture of cement. Properties and uses of cement including other alternatives to cement products e.g. Pozzolana, Pulverize fuel Ash (P.F.A.), rice husk ash (R.H.A), etc
iv) Types and uses of aggregates (other aggregates such as palm kernel shell) and periwinkle, etc.
(v) Types and uses of reinforcements.
(vi) Properties and characteristics of concrete
(vii) Process of concrete production.
(viii) Types of concrete tests.
14Walls(i) Definition, types and functions of walls
(ii) Definition, types and properties of walling materials. (including locally sourced materials).
(iii) Manufacturing processes of walling materials (clay, brick, blocks and concrete blocks).
(iv) Sizes of blocks and bricks.
(v) Mortar mixes for brick.
(vi) Methods of wall construction
(vii) Timber wall construction.
(viii) Definition and function of wall openings.
(ix) Methods of constructing wall opening.
(x) Functions of lintels and arches.
15Doors and windows(i) Definition, functions and types of doors and windows.
(ii) Methods of mixing doors and window frames.
16Staircases(i) Definition, classification, types and uses of stairs.
(ii) Materials used for construction of stairs.
(iii) Materials used for finishing staircases.
17Plumbing installations and drainage system.(i) Types of fitting in plumbing and sanitary works.
(ii) Materials for plumbing works and fittings.
(iii) Types of sanitary appliances.
(iv) Soil and waste appliances.
(v) Installation of sanitary appliances.
(vi) Terms used in drainage works.
(vii) Principles and functional requirements of the drainage system. (viii) Types of drainage systems.
(ix) Types of drainage materials (pipes and fittings).
(x) Methods of laying and testing drain lines.
(xi) Description of septic and soakaway (inspection chamber, manhole, etc).
18Electrical installation and solar energy system.(i) Electrical symbols, installation terms and materials.
(ii) Identification and uses of electrical wiring materials.
(iii) Types of electrical wiring.
(iv) Definition, functions and components of solar energy systems.
19Roofs(i) Definition, purpose and types of roof.
(ii) Functional requirements of roof.
(iii) Materials used for roofs.
(iv) Roof covering materials.
(v) Protection of the roof from wind, rain, lightning, etc.
20Finishes(A) Floors:  
(i) Types and characteristics of floor finishes.
(ii) Methods of laying floor finishes.
(iii) Uses of floor finishes.
(iv) Care and maintenance of floor finishes.  

(B) Walls  
(i) Types and characteristics of wall finishes
(ii) Plastering and rendering
(iii) Types of rendering
(iv) Methods of applying plastering and rendering mix.

(i) Types and functions of ceiling finishes.
(ii) Ceiling finishing materials.
21External Work.(i) Types of the fence, materials for fencing and construction of the fence.
(ii) Types of gates, fixing of gates and production of gates.
(iii) Types and materials for construction of access roads.
(iv) Construction of access road.
(v) Needs and materials for landscaping.
(vi) Procedures for landscaping.
22Types of Business Organization and Ways of Raising Capital.(i) Principles and Management of Business Organization in the building industry.
(ii) Types of Business Organization in the Building Industry. (iii) Types and Sources of Capital.
23.Book KeepingBook Keeping:
(i) Book Keeping in small scale businesses.
(ii) Books of original entries.
24Contract WorkContract Work:  
(i) Definition and types of contract.
(ii) Contract documents.
(iii) Parties to a contract.


S/NoAuthorTitle of BooksPublisher
1Stephen Emmitt and Christopher A. Gorse.Barry’s Introduction to Construction in BuildingsBlackwell Publishing
2M. O. ObandeBlocklaying and ConcretingLongman Publishing Company
3R. BarryThe Construction of Buildings VolsI– VGranada
4Ivor H. SeeleyBuilding TechnologyPalgrave
5S. C. O. A. EzejiBuilding Construction 
6NashBrickwork Vols 1 – 3 
7R.  ChudleyBuilding Construction HandbookBilling & Sons Ltd.
8W. B. MckayBuilding Construction Vols 1 – 4 
9Roger GreenoPrinciples of Construction 
10Adesokan and  M. O. AdeniyiBuilding Construction for Senior Secondary Schools Vols 1 – 3 (Ilesanmi) 
11R. ChuelleyConstruction Technology Vols 1 – 4Longman
12C. M. H. BarrittAdvanced Building Construction Vols 1 & 2Longman
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