WAEC Syllabus for Cosmetology & Textbooks 2024/2025

The WAEC syllabus for Cosmetology is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Cosmetology exam.

Studying the Cosmetology syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Cosmetology syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Cosmetology syllabus and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Cosmetology Syllabus

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken.  Papers 1 and 2 will be composite paper to be taken in one sitting.

PAPER 1: Will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions lasting for 40 minutes and carrying 40 marks.

PAPER 2: The paper will last 1hour 20 minutes and have two sections, Sections A and B as follows:

Section A: This will consist of one compulsory question drawn from Sections A, B and G of the syllabus for 30 marks.

Section B: This will consist of three questions drawn from Sections C, D, E and F of the syllabus. Each question will carry 25 marks and candidates will be required to answer two.

PAPER 3: This Will be a test of practical work paper consisting of three compulsory questions.  It will take 1 hour and carry 80 marks.

Introduction to Cosmetology

  1. Cosmetology
    • Cosmetology.
    • Cosmetics.
    • Cosmetician.
    • Aspects of cosmetology.
  2. Professional Ethics
    • Professional ethics.
    • Good and poor ethics of cosmetology.
    • Qualities of a cosmetologist.

General Safety Precaution/Hygiene

  1. Personal/client Safety
    • Personal safety.
    • Client safety.
  2. Personal Hygiene
    • Definition of personal hygiene.
  3. Rules of Personal Hygiene
    • Rules for Personal hygiene.
    • Grooming and grooming materials.
  4. Sterilization of tools
    • Definition of sterilization.
    • Methods and types of sterilization.
    • Materials and sterilization.
    • Process of sterilization.
  5. First Aid
    • Definition of first aid.
    • Contents of a first aid box and its uses.
    • First aid treatment.

Tools, Equipment and Materials

  1. Cosmetic tools, Equipment and Materials.
    • General tools, equipment and materials used in cosmetology.
    • Classification of cosmetic tools, equipment and materials.
    • Uses of cosmetic tools, equipment and materials.
    • Maintenance of tools and equipment.

Haircare and Hair Products

  1. Types of Hair
    • Types of hair
    • General hair care
  2. General Hair Treatment
    • Types of hair treatment – shampooing, conditioning, steaming etc.
    • Stages of hair treatment.
  3. Scalp Treatment
    • Scalp disorders.
    • Scalp treatment.
    • Prevention of scalp disorders
  1. Treatment of Hair loss
    • Hair loss – causes prevention and treatment.
  2. Tinting and Colouring of Hair
    • Definition of hair colouring/tinting.
    • Types of hair colouring.
    • Tools and instruments used for hair colouring.
  3. Chemical Hair Relaxers
    • Definition of hair relaxer
    • Types of hair relaxers – cold waves, texturizers etc.
    • Tools and materials for hair relaxing.
    • Procedure for chemical hair relaxing.
    • Safety precautions in applying chemical hair relaxers.
  4. Artificial Hair
    • Difference between hairpieces and wigs.
    • Types of hairpieces and wigs.
    • Reasons for wearing wigs.
    • Caring for wigs and hairpieces.
    • Tips for buying hairpieces and wigs.
    • Procedure for fixing artificial hair.
  5. Hair Weaving
    • Hair weaving – Reasons for weaving, tools and materials.
    • Types of hairpieces for weaving.
    • Brand names of hairpieces.
  6. Hair Barbering
    • Definition of barbering.
    • Common hair diseases are associated with barbering.
    • Risks associated with barbering and safety measures.
    • Barbering tools, materials and their maintenance.
  7. Shampoos and Hair Conditioners
    • Shampoos and conditioners.
    • Reasons for hair shampooing and conditioning.
    • Techniques for hair shampooing and conditioning.
    • Safety precautions for shampooing and conditioning.

Face and Body Care

  1. Skin
    • Skin – Definition and types of skin
    • Skincare
    • Types of skincare products and their usage.
    • Abuse of skincare products.
    • Common skin problems and treatments.
  2. Colour Wheel/chart
    • Classification of colours
    • Colour wheel/chart.
  3. Application of Facial Make-up
    • Types of facial make-up
    • Reasons for facial make-up
    • Application of facial make-up
    • Safety precautions in the application of facial makeup.
    • Make-up materials
    • Maintenance of make-up implements.
  4. Facial Defects and Treatment
    • Facial defects.
    • Treatment of facial defects.
  5. Lips and Lip Sticks
    • Lips – shapes of lips and types of lip colours
    • Types of lipsticks.
    • Techniques for lipsticks and lip colour application.
  6. Eye Brows, Eye Lids and Eye Lashes
    • Types and shapes of eyebrows.
    • Materials used for eyebrows, eye
    • lids and eyelashes.

Manicure and Pedicure

  1. Feet and Hands
    • Care of feet – effect of shoes on feet.
    • massaging of feet and trimming of toenails.
    • Care of hands—massaging, application of oil and trimming of handnails.
    • Nail disorders.
    • Nail diseases.
  2. Nails
    • Definition of manicure and pedicure
    • Tools and equipment for manicuring and pedicuring and their maintenance
    • Processes for manicuring and pedicuring.
    • Safety precautions for manicuring and pedicuring.


  1. Opening a Beauty Salon
    • Salon.
    • Conditions for establishing a salon.
    • Salon equipment.
    • Rules, regulations and laws governing salon business.
    • Media for advertising

Major Equipment and Materials Required

  1. Mirrors
  2. Dressing and styling chairs
  3. Shampoo bowls
  4. Trolleys
  5. Chairs
  6. Stools
  7. Washing basins
  8. Curling tongs
  9. Steamers
  10. Heater
  11. Foot massager (chart)
  12. Crimping machine (chart)
  13. Tweezers
  14. Emery boards
  15. Manicure Sets
  16. Generator (at least 3KVA)
  17. Sets of combs
  18. Gloves (Hair dressers)
  19. Aprons
  20. Cream relaxers
  21. Neutralizing shampoos; shampoos.
  22. Conditioners
  23. Pomades
  24. Needles
  25. Threads
  26. Weave-on
  27. Hair pieces
  28. Wigs
  29. Set of artificial nails
  30. Setting lotions
  31. Hair lotions
  32. Colour tints
  33. Hair sprays (oil sheen and holding)
  34. Towels
  35. Capes
Share on:

Your go-to education blogger, offering practical strategies, expert advice, and educational resources to help students thrive academically and unlock their full potential.

Leave a Comment