WAEC Syllabus for Plumbing and Pipe Fitting 2022/2023

The WAEC syllabus for Plumbing and Pipe Fitting is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting exam.

Studying the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting subject is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using Plumbing and Pipe Fitting are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Plumbing and Pipe Fitting and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Plumbing and Pipe Fitting

Scheme of the Examination

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3, all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1: will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.           

Paper 2:   will consist of five short-structured essay questions out of which one is compulsory.

Candidates will be required to answer the compulsory question and any other 3 in 1 hour for 60 marks.  

Paper 3:   will be a practical test of 1 hour 30 minutes duration.  It will consist of three questions out of which candidates will be required to answer any two for 100 marks.

A list of materials for the test shall be made available to schools not less than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevant preparations.

Alternative to Practical Test

Alternatively, in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot be acquired, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level of acquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus.

For this alternative test, there will be three questions out of which candidates will be required to answer any two in 2 hours for 100 marks.

WAEC Plumbing and Pipe Fitting Syllabus


1Safety rules and regulations(1)   Definition of safety, rules and regulation
(2)   Hazards in the workshop and site.
(3)   Causes and methods of preventing accidents.
(4)   Safety tools, equipment and safety measures on-site and workshop.
(5)   Safety signs and symbols.
2Hand tools, equipment maintenance(1)  Classification of tools and equipment.
(2)  Types, sketches and uses of tools and equipment.
(3)   Maintenance of tools and equipment.
3Pipe fitting materials(1) Various types of pipe fitting materials (sketches, uses and storage).
(2)  Interpretation of conventional signs and symbols of pipe fitting materials.
(3) Maintenance of tools and equipment
4Pipe fitting materials(1) Various types of pipe fitting materials (sketches, uses and storage).
(2) Conventional signs and symbols of pipe fitting materials.
(3) Interpretation of conventional signs and symbols of pipe fitting materials.
5Types of pipe(1)  Classification of pipes (materials) and sizes.
(2)  Properties of pipes.
(3)  Uses of pipes.
(4)  Factors that determine the choice of pipe.
6Pipe jointing(1) Definition of pipe jointing
(2) Type and sketches of joints in plumbing works.
(3) Materials used in jointing.
(4) Application of jointing (change of direction, fixed ends, installation of plumbing fittings, lengths,  etc).
7Sources of water(1) Sources of water (Rain, surface and underground water.
(2) Characteristics of water (Tasteless, odourless and colourless).
(3) Classification of water (Hard and soft).
8Water treatment(1) Types and methods of water treatment (sedimentation, filtration, sterilization, chlorination, etc).
(2) Methods of removal of hardness in water.
9Water distribution system.(1) Definition of the water distribution system. (Water main, communication pipe and service pipe).
(2) Types of cold water distribution systems (Direct and indirect systems).
(3) Types of reservoir or storage tanks.
(4) Diagrams of cold water supply system (Direct and indirect system).
(5) Types of hot water supply systems.
(6) Diagrams of the hot water supply system.
(7) Defects in the cold and hot water supply system.
10Drainage system(1) Definition of a drainage system.
(2) Various types of the drainage system.
(3) Types of drains.
(4) Installation of drainage system (Trenching, laying and testing).
(5) Types of drainage fittings.  (Bends, Tee joint, Y Y-joints, etc).
11Sanitary appliances(1) Definition of the sanitary appliance.
(2) Classifications of sanitary appliances (soil and waste appliances).
(3) Listing, description and uses of soil and waste appliances.
(4) Installation of sanitary appliances.
(5) Sanitary fittings (Taps, valves, etc).
12Sewage system(1) Definition of the sewage system.
(2) Types and description of sewage systems (storm, domestic, industrial, etc).
(3) Uses, construction and sketches of inspection chamber and manhole.
(4) Listing and description of sewage collection points (soakaway, septic tank cesspool and public sewer).
13Welding(1) Definition of welding.
(2) Tools and equipment for welding.
(3) Types and methods.
14Business organization(1) Definition of business organization.
(2) Types of business organization
(3) Sources of capital for plumbing and pipefitting business.
(4) Types of capital (fixed and working capital).
15Book-Keeping(1) Definition of book-keeping.
(2)     Types of books/records for daily business transactions (profit & loss, expenditures, ledgers, receipt, invoice, etc)
16Contract works(1) Definition of contract.
(2) Types of contract (fixed price or lump sum and unit price contracts only).
(3) Contract documents (Bill of quantity, quotation or estimate, drawing, Specification Agreement, Variation, only).
(4) Parties involved in contract (client, contractor, host community and consultant) lawyers.
1G. J. Blower (Book 1 & 2)Plumbing and Mechanical ServicePearson Prentice Hall
2E. Keith BlankenbakerModern PlumbingGoodheart-Willcox
3Siray K. BokinniBuilding Sanitation and ServicesKolbok Support Services
4Robert Boyce and Arnold MastermanPlumbing A Practical Guide for Level 2Nelson Thomas
5F. HallPlumbing TechnologyLongman
6E. K. Oluwadele and T. S. OjambatiEssential Building ServicesOlajuyin Printers
7Ivor H. SeeleyBuilding TechnolgyPalgrave
8O. A. Longe and R. A. KazeemEssential Financial AccountingTonad
9Anietie Essiet AkpanFundamentals of entrepreneurshipBrain
10W. G. NashBrickwork 2 (Revised Edition)Hutchinson
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