WAEC Syllabus for Furniture Making 2022/2023

The WAEC syllabus for Furniture Making is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Furniture Making exam.

Studying the Furniture Making syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Furniture Making syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Furniture Making syllabus and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Furniture Making

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1:  will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 45 minutes for 40 marks.

Paper 2:   will consist of two sections, Sections A and B to be answered in 2 hours for 60   marks.

Section A will consist of ten compulsory short-structured questions to be answered in 30 minutes for 20 marks.

Section B will consist of three questions on design and drawing: out of which one will be compulsory.

Each question shall require sketches and candidates will be required to answer the compulsory question for 30 marks and any other one for 10 marks in 1½ hours.

Paper 3: will be a practical test of 3 hour duration.  It will consist of one practical question for 100 marks.

A list of materials for the test shall be made available to schools not less than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevant preparations.

Alternative to Practical Test

Alternatively, in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot be acquired, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level of acquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus.  

For this alternative test, there will be two sets of compulsory questions both of which must be answered in 2 hours for 100 marks.

S/NoContentsNotes
1Furniture Workshop.Workshop safety rules and regulations
Hand tools safety
Workshop bench and appliances
Machine tools safety
Portable power tools safety
Sources of workshop accident.
             2Furniture Making Materials.Timber growth, structure, classification, parts and cross section.
Conversion of timber, methods, advantages and disadvantages.
Seasoning of timber, methods, advantages and disadvantages.
Defects in timbers, causes, classification, illustrations with sketches.
Preservation of timber, preservatives – characteristics, types and applications.
Manufactured boards, types, method of production, uses, advantages, disadvantages and sketches.
Wood adhesive definition applications, preparation, types, uses and characteristics.
Nails and uses – sketches, methods of driving in nails.
Screw types and uses, illustrations with sketches and methods of driving in screws.
Cabinet fittings, types, uses, sketches and procedures of fittings.
  3Woodworking tools and equipment.Hand tools – types, classification, uses and sketches.
Machines – types, uses and operation.
Portable power tools – types and operations.
Other tools and equipment used in furniture making.
Maintenance of furniture tools and equipment.
 4Furniture Design and Construction.Timber preparation – cutting to sizes, marking and planing timber to final sizes.
Common wood work joints – types, classification and uses.
Construction – types of construction-frame box construction.
Free hand sketching of common household furniture items.
Design fundamentals, elements and principles of design.
Stages – preliminary sketches and working drawing.
Planning – working rod, selection of materials, cutting list.
Construction of different items of furniture, procedures – preparation of materials, setting out of joints, cutting of joints, assembling and finishing.
  5  Upholstery work.Meaning and forms.
Tools and machines.Traditional and modern padding materials.
Design and construction of upholstery frames.
Padding and stuffing.
Fixing sewn materials.
 6 Entrepreneurship in furniture marking.Business opportunities in furniture making.
Starting a furniture business, factors to be considered.
Managing of furniture workshop, estimate and costing of furniture item.

List of Facilities and Equipment

ITEM NOEQUIPMENTQUANTITY REQUIRED
1.Try Square20
2.Mitre Square10
3.Sliding Bevel10
4.Marking Gauge10
5.Mortise Gauge10
6.Marking knives10
7.Four Fold (wooden Rule)10
8.Tape Rule (Metric)20
9.Jack Plane10
10.Smooth Plane10
11.Trying Plane (jointing Plane)5
12.Block Plane5
13.Rebate Plane5
14.G Clamp5
15.Plough Plane5
16.Bull Nose Plane2
17.Router Plane2
18.Rip Saw10
19.Crosscut Saw10
20.Tenon Saw15
21.Panel Saw10
22.Coping Saw5
23.Compass Saw2
24.Nest of Saws2
25.Keyhole/pad Saw1
26.Fret Saw2
27.Dovetail Saw5
28.Firmer Chisel10 sets
29.Bevelled Edge Firmer Chisel10 sets
30.Mortise Chisel (set)10 sets
31.Turning Chisel2 sets
32.Centre bit5 sets
33.Auger Bit5 sets
34.Twist Bit5 sets
35.Rose2 sets
 36. Bradawl 10
37.Gimlet5 sets
38.Ratchet brace5
39.Dowel Rounder5
40.Drill Bit10 sets
41.Screw Driver (set of 6)5 sets
43.Mallet20
44.Claw Hammer10
45.Cross Pein Hammer10
46.Ball Pein Hammer10
47.‘F’ Clamp10
48.Sash Clamp10
49.Hand Screw10
50.Bench Holdfast5
51.Mitre Box5
52.Mitre Cramp5
53.Mitre Shooting Board5
54.Flat Files (assorted)10
55.Scraper(flat)10
56.Dividers10
57.Pincers5
58.Spoke shave2
59.Dowelling jig5
60.Rasps10
61.Sewing Machine2
62.Scissors10
63.Staple Gun2
64.Needle (set) Curved and Straight10
65.Tack Hammer10
66.Pliers5
67.Magnetic Hammer5
68.Ripping Chisel5
69.Knives5
70.Tape (tailors type)10
71.Web Strainer10
72.Spring Cutter5
73.Spanner (set)2 sets
74.Wrenches2 sets
75.Botton Making Machine2
76.Work Bench10
77.Bench Vice20
78.Paint brush (sets)5
79.Putty knives5
80.Storage box2
81.Water stone2
82.Oil can2
83.Veneer hammer2
84.First-aid box

SUGGESTED READING LIST

S/N       NAME          AUTHOR     PUBLISHER
1WOODWORK FOR G.C.E &C.S.E(Metric Edition)J.N GREENMills and Boon Ltd
2WOODWORK IN THEORY & PRACTICEJOHN .A.WALTON 
3MODERN WOODWORKINGWILLIS .H.WAGNERThe Goodheart-Willcox, Inc
4WOOD OCCUPATIONSPETER BRETTNelson Thorns
5THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF WOODWORK(4th Edition)GEORGE LOVELongman
6CONSTRUCTING MODERN FURNITUREVICTOR .J.TAYLORSterlin g publishing Co.Inc New York
7PRACTICAL UPHOLSTERYC.HOWES F.A.M.UEvans brothers Ltd London
8WOODWORK DESIGN AND PRACTICEDAVID .M.SHAWHodder and Stoughton London Sydney, Auckland Toronto
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