WAEC Syllabus for Upholstery & Recommended Textbooks 2024/2025

The WAEC syllabus for Upholstery is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Upholstery exam.

Studying the Upholstery subject is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Upholstery syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Upholstery and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Upholstery


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3, all of which must be taken.

Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1: will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks.

Paper 2: will consist of four short-structured questions.  Candidates will be required to answer any three questions in 1 hour for 60 marks.

Paper 3: will be a practical test of 2 hours duration.  It will consist of one question for 100 marks.

A list of material for the test shall be made available to schools not less than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevant preparations.


The Council may consider testing candidates’ ability in practical work as prescribed in the syllabus in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot be acquired.  For this alternative test there will be one question to be answered in 2 hours for 100 marks.

WAEC Upholstery Syllabus

SNUpholstery Syllabus
1Introduction to upholstery.
2Upholstery workshop safety.
3Upholstery tools and machines.
4Upholstery materials.
5Upholstery design and drawing.
5Upholstery construction and repair.
6Maintenance and repair of upholstery tools and machines.
7Upholstery workshop management.
8Introduction to entrepreneurship.

Tools, Equipment and Machines

Hand Tools Equipment

1. Hammers (30 No) Drawing sets (30 No)

2. Pair of pincer (30 No) Tee squares      “

3. Pair of scissors (225 mm) (30 No) Drawing boards      “

4. Needles (30 No) Set squares      “

5. Staplers (30 No) Drawing curves              “

6. Ripping tools (30 No) Mechanical sharpeners  “

7. Webbing stretchers (30 No) Drawing templates        “

Power Tools

1. Jig saws. (5 No.)

2. Electric staplers.    “

3. Glue guns.    “

4. Electric cutters.    “

5. Power screw drivers.    “

6. Pressing irons.    “

7. Drills.    “

8. Routers.


1. Manual sewing machines (5 No)

2. Drilling machine (2 No)

3. Band saw (2 No)

4. Circular saw (2 No)

5. Ironing machine (2 No)

6. Buttoning machine (5 No)

7. Electric sewing machines (2 No)

List Of Materials

1. 450 x380mm latex foam

2. 750 x 560 mm soft synthetic leather

3. 4000mm o3 cord

4. 1 small roll matching colour sewing thread

5. 470 x 400mm calico

6. 6mm upholstery staples

7. 450 x 380mm    18mm plywood  

Special Tools

1. Manual Sewing Machine

2. Portable Power Drill with appropriate bit

3. Staple Gun.

1C. Howes F. A. M. U.Practical upholsteryEvans Brother Ltd.
2John A. WaltonWoodwork in theory and practice metric EditionAustralasian Publishing Company
3E. A. NnenjiPrinciples of Woodwork design and drawingAranke Woods Lagos
4.H. C. Kazanas, Roy S. Klein and John R. Lindbeck.Technology of Industrial materialsChas A. Benneth Co. Inc.
5Henry SiskPrinciples of Management 
6Koontz and O’DonaldPrinciples of Management 
7William F. TierneyModern upholstering methods.Mcknight and Mcknight.
8Argent JeanneUpholstgery, Step-by-step guideHamlyn, 1974
9Groneman, Christ H.General WoodworkingMcGraw Hill
10Tinelife BooksThe art of woodworking-building ChaSt. Mary Press
11Tavntone booksModern furniture procjects.  The best tine woodworkingTavntone books
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