How to Write Lesson Notes for Primary Schools in Nigeria

So, when it comes to teaching in primary schools in Nigeria, having a lesson note format is like having a trusty roadmap.

It helps teachers plan their lessons in a structured and organized way. This format serves as a guide, ensuring that a lesson’s essential elements are covered, from objectives to assessments.

It’s a secret weapon for teachers to create excellent student learning experiences.

So, let’s dive in and explore the different components of a lesson note format for primary schools in Nigeria!

Lesson Information

Let’s begin with the lesson information section of a lesson note format for primary schools in Nigeria.

This section provides essential details about the lesson, helping teachers track what they’re teaching and when. Here’s what you should include:

  • Lesson Title: Give your lesson a catchy and descriptive title that captures its primary focus.
  • Class: Specify the class or grade level for which the lesson is intended. For example, Grade 3 or Primary 4.
  • Subject: Mention the subject area the lesson belongs to, such as Mathematics, English Language, Science, or Social Studies.
  • Duration: Indicate the estimated time needed to complete the lesson. This helps in planning the lesson within the allocated class time.
  • Date: Write down the date when the lesson will be taught. This is particularly important for record-keeping purposes.
  • Lesson Objectives: State the specific learning objectives or goals you want your students to achieve by the end of the lesson. These objectives should be clear, concise, and aligned with the curriculum.

Including these details in the lesson information section ensures a clear overview of the lesson’s purpose and context, making delivering a practical and focused teaching session easier.

Learning Objectives

In the lesson objectives section of a lesson note format for primary schools in Nigeria, you outline the specific learning outcomes you want your students to achieve by the end of the lesson. These objectives guide your teaching and help assess whether the students have successfully grasped the intended knowledge or skills. Here’s how you can structure the lesson objectives:

  1. Cognitive Objective: Describe the academic or knowledge-based goal of the lesson. This objective focuses on what students should understand or remember after the lesson. For example:
  2. Identify and define different types of nouns.
  3. Solve addition problems involving two-digit numbers without regrouping.
  4. Psychomotor Objective: Specify the physical or motor skills that students should be able to demonstrate by the end of the lesson. This objective emphasizes hands-on activities or practical skills. For example:
  5. Use proper pencil grip and letter formation when writing uppercase letters.
  6. Perform a basic dance routine with coordinated movements.
  7. Affective Objective: Highlight the emotional or attitudinal aspects of learning that you want to address in the lesson. This objective focuses on developing students’ values, attitudes, or behaviours. For example:
  8. Demonstrate respect and cooperation when working in groups.
  9. Express appreciation for different cultures and perspectives during a cultural diversity activity.

They should be written in clear language and reflect the desired outcomes of the lesson.

Setting clear objectives provides a roadmap for yourself and your students, effectively guiding the teaching and learning process.

Focusing on Improving the Prior Knowledge

Prior knowledge refers to students’ existing understanding and skills before a lesson.

It serves as a foundation for new learning. Assessing prior knowledge helps teachers understand what students already know and customize instruction.

Teachers can make connections and promote deeper understanding by building on prior knowledge.

Addressing misconceptions and filling knowledge gaps ensures students have the foundation for new concepts.

Considering primary expertise in lesson planning scaffolds learning and supports meaningful outcomes. It personalizes instruction and enhances student success.

Educational Materials and Resources

Educational materials and resources are crucial for effective teaching and learning. They support the delivery of information, engage students, and enhance understanding.

These materials can include textbooks, multimedia resources, visual aids, and online platforms.

They should be chosen based on the learning objectives and student needs, ensuring they are age-appropriate and accessible.

Educational materials are used for direct instruction, visual representation, hands-on activities, and independent work.

It is essential to update and diversify resources to maintain relevance regularly. Teachers can create an engaging and comprehensive learning experience by effectively utilising instructional materials and resources.

Teaching Methods and Techniques

Teaching methods in Nigerian primary schools vary depending on the specific context and individual teachers’ preferences.

However, there are some commonly employed teaching methods in Nigerian primary schools:

  • Lecture
  • Question and Answer
  • Group Work
  • Drill and Practice
  • Role-Play
  • Demonstration
  • Games and Activities
  • Storytelling
  • Technology-Based Instruction

Teachers need to select teaching methods that align with the curriculum, learning objectives, and the needs of the students.

A combination of different techniques can be used to cater to diverse learning styles and create an interactive and stimulating learning environment in Nigerian primary schools.

Introduction/Anticipatory Set

The introduction, or anticipatory set, is crucial to a lesson in Nigerian primary schools. It aims to capture students’ attention, activate prior knowledge, and create interest in the topic.

The teacher uses various strategies to engage students, such as asking questions, sharing stories, or conducting demonstrations.

This helps connect new content to what students already know and makes learning more relatable. The introduction outlines the lesson objectives, clarifying the lesson’s purpose to students.

It sets a positive learning environment and establishes expectations for student participation.

Overall, the introduction is vital in sparking student engagement and preparing them for effective learning.

Lesson Procedure

The lesson Procedure in a Nigerian primary school lesson note follows a structured format. It starts with the lesson title and an engaging introduction to capture students’ attention and activate prior knowledge.

Clear learning objectives are stated, followed by assessing students’ prior knowledge. The teacher then presents the new content using appropriate instructional methods and materials.

Both teacher-led and student-centred activities are included to facilitate active learning. Formative assessments are conducted to evaluate student understanding.

The lesson concludes with a summary and assignment that reinforces the key concepts.

The lesson sequence ensures a logical and coherent instruction flow, promoting effective learning in Nigerian primary schools.

Here’s an example of a lesson procedure for teaching the concept of nouns and addition without regrouping:

Warm-up Activity (5 minutes):

  • Engage students by playing a quick word association game. Please list common nouns and ask them to think of related words or objects. For example, if the noun is “dog,” students can say “bark,” “puppy,” or “leash.”

Introduction (10 minutes):

  • Begin by defining nouns as words that name people, places, things, or ideas. Give examples of each type of noun and ask students to identify them. Provide visual aids or real-life objects to enhance understanding.

Cognitive Activity (15 minutes):

  • Distribute worksheets or handouts containing sentences with missing nouns. Instruct students to read the sentences and fill the blanks with the appropriate nouns. Walk around the classroom to provide assistance and clarify any doubts.

Practice Activity (15 minutes):

  • Divide the class into pairs or small groups. Provide them with a set of addition problems involving two-digit numbers without regrouping. Students take turns solving the problems and checking each other’s work. Encourage them to discuss their strategies and explain their thinking.

Psychomotor Activity (10 minutes):

  • Engage students in a hands-on activity related to handwriting and letter formation. Provide practice sheets or whiteboards and markers. Guide them in practising proper pencil grip and forming uppercase letters. Give individual feedback and support as needed.

Affective Activity (10 minutes):

  • Conduct a brief group discussion about respect and cooperation. Pose scenarios or questions that require students to think about working together and showing respect towards others’ ideas. Encourage open dialogue and emphasize the importance of collaboration.

Wrap-up (5 minutes):

  • Recap the key concepts learned during the lesson, including different types of nouns and solving two-digit addition problems without regrouping. Allow students to ask any final questions or share their thoughts. Provide positive reinforcement and appreciation for their participation.

Note: The time allocations mentioned above are approximate and can be adjusted based on your classroom’s specific needs and the lesson’s pace.


Assessment and evaluation are vital components of Nigerian primary schools’ teaching and learning process. They involve gathering evidence of student progress to inform instructional decisions.

Key points for assessment and evaluation include;

  • Regular formative assessments
  • Formal summative assessments
  • Clear criteria and rubrics
  • Various assessment methods
  • Authentic tasks
  • Constructive feedback
  • Record keeping
  • Differentiation
  • Using assessment information for instructional guidance
  • Appropriate grading and reporting

Assessment and evaluation should align with learning objectives and curriculum standards, promoting meaningful learning experiences.


Here, the conclusion or closure of a lesson note in Nigerian primary schools is critical to the teaching process.

It involves summarizing the main points, connecting to real life, reflecting on learning, addressing questions, tying to learning objectives and providing a smooth transition to the next lesson.

It reinforces learning, emphasizes relevance, and prepares students for future lessons.


Homework/assignment in Nigerian primary schools serves to reinforce learning, practice skills, promote independent study, and assess understanding.

It should have a clear purpose, be relevant to the curriculum, and have concise instructions. Time management and differentiation are essential considerations.

Regular monitoring and feedback, parental involvement, and balancing homework and well-being are crucial. Homework/assignments should be authentic and meaningful and assess student learning.


Revision is a critical step for students in Nigerian primary schools to improve their work.

It involves reviewing content, checking to understand, organizing and structuring the work, refining language and grammar, adjusting style and tone, seeking feedback, managing time effectively, proofreading, and evaluating the final result.

Revision enhances learning, corrects errors, and ensures assignment clarity and quality.


When creating a lesson note, it’s essential to include proper references to acknowledge the sources of information or materials used. Here is an example of how you can cite references for your lesson plan:

  • Smith, J. (Year). “Title of the Article.” Journal Name, Volume (Issue), and Page numbers. URL or DOI.
  • Brown, A. (Year). Book Title. Publisher Name. ISBN.
  • Educational website: Website Title. Retrieved from [URL]
  • Teaching resource: Resource Title. Retrieved from [URL]

Remember to adapt the references according to the specific sources you have used in your lesson plan.

It is crucial to follow the appropriate citation style (such as APA or MLA) recommended by your educational institution or supervisor.


In conclusion, the lesson note format for primary schools in Nigeria provides a structured framework for teachers to plan and deliver lessons effectively.

It encompasses essential elements such as lesson information, learning objectives, prior knowledge, instructional materials, teaching methods, lesson sequence, assessment and evaluation, accommodations, and closure.

By following this format, teachers can ensure that their lessons are well-organized, engaging, and aligned with the curriculum.

The format also allows for differentiation, reflection, and technology integration where applicable.

Ultimately, the lesson note format supports the delivery of quality education and promotes effective teaching and learning in Nigerian primary schools.

Let me know if you have any questions or need further clarification. I would love to assist you.

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