WAEC Syllabus for Mathematics & Recommended Textbooks 2024/2025

The WAEC syllabus for Mathematics is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Mathematics exam.

Studying the Mathematics syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Mathematics syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Mathematics syllabus and recommended West African Examination Council (WAEC) textbooks.

Let me know in the comment section if you have any questions. I will love to hear from you.

WAEC Mathematics

Aim of the Syllabus

The syllabus aims to test candidates:

  1. Mathematical competency and computational skills;
  2. understanding of mathematical concepts and their relationship to the     acquisition of entrepreneurial skills for everyday living in the global world;
  3. ability to translate problems into mathematical language and solve them using appropriate methods;
  4.  ability to be accurate to a degree relevant to the problem at hand;
  5. logical, abstract and precise thinking.

This syllabus is not intended to be used as a teaching syllabus. Teachers are advised to use their National teaching syllabuses or curricula.

Examination Scheme

There will be two papers, Papers 1 and 2, which must be taken.

Paper 1

It will consist of fifty multiple-choice objective questions drawn from the common areas of the syllabus, to be answered in 1½ hours for 50 marks.

Paper 2

It will consist of thirteen essay questions in Sections A and B, to be answered in 2½ hours for 100 marks.

Candidates will be required to answer ten questions in all.

Section A

It will consist of five compulsory questions, elementary, with 40 marks.

The questions will be drawn from the common areas of the syllabus.

Section B

It will consist of eight questions of greater length and difficulty. 

The questions shall include a maximum of two drawn from parts of the syllabuses that may not be peculiar to candidates’ home countries.

Candidates will be expected to answer five questions for 60 marks.

WAEC Mathematics Syllabus

The topics, contents and notes are intended to indicate the scope of the questions which will be set.

The notes are not to be considered an exhaustive list of illustrations/limitations.

Number and Numeration

  1. Number bases
  2. Modular Arithmetic Fractions, Decimals and Approximations
  3. Indices
  4. Logarithms
  5. Sequence and Series
  6. Sets
  7. Logical Reasoning
  8. Positive and negative integers, rational numbers
  9. Surds (Radicals)
  10. Matrices and Determinants
  11. Ratio, Proportions and Rates
  12. Percentages
  13. Financial Arithmetic
  14. Variation

Algebraic Processes

  1. Algebraic expressions
  2. Simple operations on algebraic expressions
  3. Solution of Linear Equations
  4. Change of Subject of a Formula/Relation
  5. Quadratic Equations
  6. Graphs of Linear and Quadratic functions.
  7. Linear Inequalities
  8. Algebraic Fractions
  9. Functions and Relations


  1. Lengths and
  2. Perimeters
  3. Areas
  4. Volumes

Plane Geometry

  1. Angles
  2. Angles and intercepts on parallel lines.
  3. Triangles and Polygons.
  4. Circles
  5. Construction
  6. Loci

Coordinate Geometry of Straight Line

  1. Concept of the x-y plane.
  2. Coordinates of points on the x-y plane


  1. Sine, Cosine and Tangent of an angle.
  2. Angles of elevation and depression
  3. Bearings

Introductory Calculus

  1. Differentiation of algebraic functions.
  2. Integration of simple Algebraic functions

Statistics and Probability

  1. Statistics
  2. Probability

Vectors and Transformation

  1. Vectors in a Plane
  2. Transformation in the Cartesian Plane

WAEC Mathematics Units

Candidates should be familiar with the following units and their symbols.


  • 1000 millimetres (mm) = 100 centimetres (cm) = 1 metre(m).
  • 1000 metres = 1 kilometre (km)


  • 10,000 square metres (m2) = 1 hectare (ha)


  • 1000 cubic centimeters (cm3) = 1 litre (l)


  • 1000 milligrammes (mg) = 1 gramme (g)
  • 1000 grammes (g) = 1 kilogramme( kg )
  • 1000 ogrammes (kg) = 1 tonne.


  • The Gambia – 100 bututs (b) = 1 Dalasi (D)
  • Ghana – 100 Ghana pesewas (Gp) = 1 Ghana Cedi ( GH¢)
  • Liberia – 100 cents (c) = 1 Liberian Dollar (LD)
  • Nigeria – 100 kobo (k) = 1 Naira (N)
  • Sierra Leone – 100 cents (c) = 1 Leone (Le)
  • UK – 100 pence (p) = 1 pound (£)
  • USA – 100 cents (c) = 1 dollar ($)
  • French Speaking territories: 100 centimes (c) = 1 Franc (fr)
  • Any other units used will be defined.

WAEC Exam Information

Use of Mathematical and Statistical Tables

The examination room may use mathematics and Statistical tables published or approved by WAEC.

Where the degree of accuracy is not specified in a question, the expected degree of accuracy will be obtained from the mathematical tables.

Use of Calculators

The use of non-programmable, silent and cordless calculators is allowed.

The calculators must, however, not be able to receive or send any information.

Phones with or without calculators are not allowed.

Other Information

Candidates should bring rulers, pairs of compasses, protractors, set squares, etc., required for the subject papers.

They cannot borrow such instruments or materials from other candidates in the examination hall.

Graph papers ruled in 2mm squares will be provided for any form in which it is required.


Despite the provisions made in paragraphs 4 (1) and (2) above, it should be noted that some questions may prohibit using tables and calculators.

WAEC Mathematics Textbooks

Here is the list of WAEC-recommended textbooks for Mathematics;

  • Adelodun A. A (2000) Distinction in Mathematics: Comprehensive Revision Text, (3rd Edition) Ado –Ekiti: FNPL.
  • Anyebe, J. A. B (1998) Basic Mathematics for Senior Secondary Schools and Remedial Students in Higher/ institutions, Lagos: Kenny Moore.
  • Channon, J. B. Smith, A. M (2001) New General Mathematics for West Africa SSS 1 to 3, Lagos: Longman.
  • David –Osuagwu, M. et al. (2000) New School Mathematics for Senior Secondary Schools, Onitsha: Africana – FIRST Publishers.
  • Egbe. E et al. (2000) Further Mathematics, Onitsha: Africana – FIRST Publishers.
  • Ibude, S. O. et al. (2003) Algebra and Calculus for Schools and Colleges: LINCEL Publishers.
  • Tuttuh – Adegun M. R. et al. (1997), Further Mathematics Project Books 1 to 3, Ibadan: NPS Educational.

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56 thoughts on “WAEC Syllabus for Mathematics & Recommended Textbooks 2024/2025”

  1. I have a D7 in maths, and my course is Education in English language, Uniport, should I resit
    And secondly
    Please if I follow the syllables strictly, is it full pass for sure?

  2. Thanks God for this syllables, now I will cover the topics I don’t know.now I have hope of passing mathematics, I think I will tell my friend about this thank you blessing olarewaju

    • You’re most welcome! I’m glad to hear that the syllabus and tips have given you hope and motivation to cover the topics you’re not familiar with. Mathematics can be challenging, but with proper understanding and practice, you can improve your skills and increase your chances of success.

      Sharing this information with your friend is a beautiful idea. Supporting and motivating each other during exam preparation can be incredibly helpful. You can study, discuss challenging concepts, and encourage one another.

      Remember, consistent effort, regular practice, and seeking help are essential to mastering mathematics. Don’t hesitate to ask your teachers, classmates, or even online resources for assistance if you encounter difficulties.

      I wish you and your friend luck in your mathematics studies and the upcoming exams. Stay focused, stay positive, and keep pushing forward. Believe in yourself, and you’ll be amazed at what you can achieve. You’ve got this!

    • Hello David,

      The WAEC exam will start on Monday, May 8th, and end Friday, June 23rd.

      I wish you success in your exams.

  3. Please what if I didn’t finish the first section, which is compulsory in the essay in mathematics will I be penalized

    • Qudus,

      You would not be penalized. Rather you will lose the marks.

      Wish you success in your JAMB examinations.


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