WAEC Syllabus for Technical Drawing 2022/2023

The WAEC syllabus for Technical Drawing is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Technical Drawing exam.

Studying the Technical Drawing subject is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Technical Drawing are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Technical Drawing and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Technical Drawing

SCHEME OF EXAMINATION

There will be three papers, Papers1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1: will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 1 hour for 40 marks. The paper will consist of two sections, Sections A and B as follows:

Section A will consist of thirty questions drawn from the general principles, techniques and uses of plane and solid geometry.

Section B will consist of ten questions in each of two alternative parts: Part I (Building Drawing) and Part II (Mechanical Drawing). Candidates will be required to answer questions in one part only.

PAPER 2: will consist of five essay questions on plane, solid and vector geometry.      Candidates will be required to answer any three of the questions in1¾ hours for 60 marks.

PAPER 3: will consist of two sections, Sections A and B to be taken in 2¾ hours for 100 marks.

Section A will consist of three questions requiring sketches of objects, components, symbols and tools used in the Building and Mechanical industries. One of the questions will be compulsory.

Candidates will be required to answer the compulsory question for 20 marks and one of the other questions for 10 marks. The section will require 45 minutes.

Section B will consist of two questions: one on Building Drawing and the other, on Mechanical Drawing. Candidates will be required to answer only one of the questions in 2 hours for 70 marks.

WAEC Technical Drawing Syllabus

DETAILED SYLLABUS

PLANE GEOMETRY

S/NO.CONTENTSNOTES
 1Drawing materials and equipment, types of drawing and applicationsStandard size drawing A2 ISO board and drawing sheet, set squares, drawing instruments, protractor and  T-square.
2 Lines, lettering and dimensioningTypes of lines and their uses.  Types and styles of lettering, title blocks and borderlines. These should conform to BS 1192 and BS 308A.
3 Division of lines and its applicationsDividing into a given number of equal parts or proportion and other simple exercises involving mathematical problems.
4Scales and their usesPlain and diagonal scales, constructions and their applications, including scale of chords.
5AnglesTypes and their constructions.
6Triangles, quadrilaterals and other polygonsRegular and irregular polygons: properties and their constructions.
7CirclesParts, types, properties and their constructions.
8Tangents and tangencyConstruction and application of principles of tangency to spanners, anchors and other tools.
9Inscribed, circumscribed and escribed figuresDefinitions, identification and their constructions.
10Similar figures and areasEnlargement and reduction by area and side.
11 LociDefinition and construction of the straight line, circle, ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, helix, trochoids (inferior and superior) spiral, cycloid, hypocycloid, involutes and link mechanisms.
SOLID GEOMETRY
12Lines in space and planesLocation of points and lines in space.  True length and angle of inclination of a line. Intersecting lines, plane relationships and traces.Types of planes and edge views of planes.
13Pictorial drawing: isometric, oblique, perspectiveIsometric scales and circles, oblique scales and curves. One and two points perspective, including freehand sketching.
14Orthographic projectionMultiplane,1st and 3rd angle projection.
15Auxiliary projectionsPrisms, cones, cylinder, cube, pyramid (right and oblique), including second auxiliary projection.
16Sectional views and true shapesThe true shape of sections of prisms, cylinders pyramids and cones, (ellipse, parabola, hyperbola, circle and triangle).
17Development of surfacesSurfaces of right and oblique pyramids, prisms, cylinders, cones and their truncated parts and frustum.Transition pieces.
18Intersection /InterpenetrationIntersections of cylinders, cones, prisms and pyramids.
SYMBOLS AND CONVENTIONS
   19Symbols and conventions used in plane and solid geometryFor example, the symbol used to indicate the diameter of a circle.

VECTOR GEOMETRY

S/NCONTENTSNOTES
 20Forces:co-planer,con-current and parallelGraphical determination of resultant, using Bow’s notation. Equilibrant and reaction using triangle and polygon of forces.
21Simple framed structureDetermination of reactions and internal forces of members and nature of forces.
22Shearing force and bending moment  diagramsSimple supported beams and cantilevers with concentrated and uniformly distributed loads.
23Centre of gravity of laminaSimple geometrical shapes.

NOTE: Vector Geometry is for candidates in Ghana only and will be examined in Paper 2.

BUILDING DRAWING

The recommendations of the current BS 1192 (metric) should be followed.

S/NO.CONTENTNOTES
1Freehand sketching and identification of building toolsBoth pictorial and orthographic sketches of building tools.
2Foundations and FloorsTypes and parts of foundations and floors.
3Openings – windows, doors and archesTypes and parts of doors, windows and arches.
4Stairs and staircasesParts and types of staircases.
5RoofsTypes and parts of roofs.
6Constructional details of parts of buildingsIncludes wall, column, beam, lintel, etc.
7 Working drawings of buildingsOrthographic projections and sectional views.
8Building materials, freehand sketching, symbols and conventionsIncluding electrical and plumbing fittings.

MECHANICAL DRAWING

The recommendations of the current BS 308A (metric) should be followed.

S/NO.CONTENTNOTES
1Freehand sketching and identification  of mechanical toolsBoth pictorial and orthographic sketches of mechanical tools.
2DimensioningLimits and fits, allowances, tolerances; emphasis on correct techniques.
3Screw threads, fasteners and locking devicesInclude conventional representation, construction and their applications.
4SectioningFull,half-part,offset,broken,removed,aligned andrevolved.
    5Pictorial drawingIsometric and oblique drawing; including freehand sketching.
    6Working and assembly drawing.Orthographic and sectional views.  
7Symbols, conventions and abbreviationsInclude electrical and plumbing fittings and welding symbols.

LIST OF RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS

S/N          TEXT BOOKS     AUTHORS   PUBLISHERS
1TECHNICAL DRAWING FOR SCHOOL CERTIFICATE AND G.C.E (Metric Edition) J.N GREEN SPECTRUM BOOKS
2ENGINEERING DRAWING with worked examples  1 & 2(3rd edition)  M.A PARKER AND F.PICKUPNELSON THORNS LTD
3GEOMETRIC AND ENGINEERING DRAWINGK.MORLING 
4GEOMETRIC AND TECHNICAL DRAWINGA.YARWOODELBS with NELSON
5FOUNDATION OF TECHNICAL DRAWINGA.PARKISON 
6TECHNICAL DRAWING with Mechanical Engineering & Drawing optionW.E.KUDOR 
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