WAEC Syllabus for Garment Making & Textbooks 2024/2025

The WAEC syllabus for Garment Making is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Garment Making exam.

Studying the Garment Making syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Garment Making syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Garment Making syllabus and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Garment Making

The course in Garment Making at the senior secondary school level is intended to satisfy the generic desire of every woman/man to learn garment-making skills.

This will enable learners to earn their livelihood by way of effective sewing of garments, creating jobs and be self-reliant after graduation.


The Garment Making syllabus is aimed at testing the basic knowledge and understanding of candidates in:

  1. Manipulative skills that will enable students to effectively function in their community and the larger society;
  2. Developing interest and passion for garment making/design which will lead students to start-up self–employed ventures;
  3. Creativity, aesthetic values, attitudes and skills development;
  4.  Developing interest in locally made fabrics and self-made articles;
  5. Appreciating entrepreneurship / small businesses for job/wealth creation towards improving  the individual, family and the nation;
  6. Appreciating the dignity of labour;
  7. The selection, use and maintenance of sewing equipment;
  8.  Selection of appropriate clothing for all occasions and figure types;
  9. Pattern making and freehand cutting.

Examination Scheme

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3; all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1: This will comprise forty multiple choice questions to be answered in 40 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 2: This will comprise five short essay questions out of which candidates will answer four within 45 minutes for 40 marks.

PAPER 3: This will be a test of practical work. It will comprise four short structured questions. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 40 minutes for 40 marks.

WAEC Garment Making Syllabus

Introduction to Garment Making

  1. The importance of clothes/garments
    • Reasons for wearing clothes/ garment
    • Identification of clothing items
    • Identification of clothes/garments for different occasions
  2. The Concept of Garment Designing
    • Definition of garment designing
    • Principles of design
    • Element of design
    • Factors that influence garment designing e.g. age, figure type, etc
  3. Economic importance of Garment Designing
    • Importance of garment designing to the individual, the family
    • The economic value of garment making
  4. Entrepreneurship in Garment Making
    • Entrepreneurship /small business management
    • Qualities of an entrepreneur
    • Advantages of entrepreneurship
    • Factors to be considered when going into garment making business

Sewing Tools and Equipment

  1. Simple sewing tools and equipment
    • Identification of various types of sewing tools and equipment
    • Classification of sewing tools and equipment according to functions viz: Measuring, Marking, Cutting, Joining, Pressing, Fitting, Storing
  2. The sewing machine
  3. Care of sewing tools and equipment
  4. Common machine faults and remedies or solutions
    • Points to consider in choosing sewing tools and equipment
    • Types of sewing machine
    • Use of different types of sewing machines
    • Parts of a sewing machine and their functions
    • Importance of care and maintenance of sewing tools and equipment
    • Care of simple sewing tools and equipment
    • Care and maintenance of a sewing machine
    • Common machine faults /problems
    • Solutions/remedies to the machine problems
    • Improper use of machine parts

Basic Sewing Processes

  1. Basic stitches
  2. Seams and seam finishes
  3. Disposal of fullness
  4. Facing and interfacings
  5. Facings and interfacings

The Concept of Patterns

  1. Patterns
  2. Ways of obtaining patterns
  3. The freehand method
  4. Body measurements
  5. Drafting of a bodice block
  6. Drafting of shirt block
  7. Drafting of basic sleeve blocks
  8. Drafting of basic collar
  9. Drafting basic skirt blocks
  10. Drafting of basic trouser blocks
  11. Adaptation of other outfits, e.g. gowns, jumpers, e.t.c.

Figure Types and Garment Making

  1. Figure types
  2. Fabric selections for the various figure types
  3. Choice of styles

Adaptation of Patterns

  1. Adaptation of blouse patterns
  2. Adaptation of skirt pattern
  3. Adaptation of sleeves
  4. Adaptation of collars

Sewing of Blouses/Shirts

  1. Practical construction of blouse/skirt
  2. Practical construction of skirts, trousers, gowns and jumpers

Setting Up a Garment Business

  1. Minimum requirements for setting up a garment making business
  2. Factors that can affect small business
  3. Financing a business
  4. Profit/price-fixing
  5. Customer relationship
  6. Record keeping
  7. Promoting a business

Items Required for Effective Teaching of Garment Making

  1. Different types of sewing machines
  2. Large cutting table
  3. Storage cupboard or wardrobe
  4. Standing mirror
  5. Dress form
  6. Pressing Iron
  7. Long ruler
  8. T – squire
  9. Arm hole/neckline curves
  10. Cutting shears
  11. Paper scissors
  12. Needles ( hand sewing)
  13. Machine needles
  14. Hangers
  15. Ironing sheets and blankets
  16. Long mirror
  17. Screen
  18. Ironing boards
  19. Tracing wheel
  20. Pins
  21. Pin cushions
  22. Seam reaper
  23. Brooms, brushes and duster
  24. Waste paper bins
  25. Tailor’s chalk
  26. Brown paper
  27. Calico
Share on:

Your go-to education blogger, offering practical strategies, expert advice, and educational resources to help students thrive academically and unlock their full potential.

Leave a Comment