WAEC Syllabus for Efik Language & Recommended Textbooks 2022/2023

The WAEC syllabus for Efik is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Efik exam.

Studying the Efik syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Efik syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Efik syllabus and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Efik

A sound knowledge of the Efịk language, literature and culture is a fundamental need for all who desire the comprehensive knowledge of the Efịk people.

Based on this, the Efịk syllabus is designed for candidates studying Efịk. Adequate care has been taken to ensure that candidates go through the rubrics of the Efịk language.

The syllabus covers such important areas of the language as the sound system, grammar, culture, worldview, etc.

Objectives of the Syllabus

The objectives of the syllabus are as follows:

  • To enable candidates to speak, read and write Efịk properly and communicate effectively in it.
  • To familiarize them with the sound system, grammatical structures and other features of the Efịk language
  • To expose the candidates to Efịk culture – customs, institutions, worldview, etc.
  • To provide them with the necessary tools needed for creative writing and appreciation of the Efịk language and literature.

The rubrics shall be written in Efịk. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in Efịk using the standard orthography and Metalanguage.

The subject will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2 both of which will make a composite paper and will be taken at one sitting.

Paper 1

PAPER 1:   Objective (1 hour)

This paper will consist of three sections, Sections A, B and C as follows:

  1. SECTION A: Language
  2. SECTION B: Literature
  3. SECTION C: Culture

The paper will contain a total of sixty multiple choice objective questions distributed as follows:

 Section A on Language, will contain thirty questions distributed as follows:

  • Comprehension (2 short passages) – 10 items
  • Composition/Letter writing –   4 items
  • Sound system –   4 items
  • Word and sentence structure –   8 items
  • Translation –   4 items

Section B on Literature, will also contain twenty-two questions distributed as follows:

  • Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation –   4 items
  • Oral Literature – Prose – 3 items
  • Poetry  – 3 items –   9 items
  • Drama – 3 items
  • Written Literature – Prose – 3 items
  • Poetry  – 3 items –   9 items
  • Drama – 3 items

In this section, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be based on the set books for Paper 2.

Section C on Culture, will contain the remaining eight questions which will be distributed as follows:

  • Customs –   4 items
  • Institutions –   4 items

The paper will carry 60 marks.

Paper 2

PAPER 2: This will be an essay test having three sections, Sections A, B and C on Language, Literature and Culture respectively. Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all; three from Section A, two from Section B and one from Section C in 2 hours for 100 marks. The rubrics shall be written in Efịk.

Further details on the paper are as follows:

Section A: Language

(i)   Composition/Letter Writing:  

Candidates are advised to write about 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The topics chosen will include any of the following essay types:

  1. Narrative
  2. Descriptive
  3. Argumentative
  4. Expository
  5. Dialogue
  6. Debate
  7. Letter writing
  8. Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question out of the two questions set. Questions will test candidates’ knowledge of:

(i) Vowels and Consonants   (a) their production in terms of place and manner of articulation   (b) their basic phonetic and phonemic classifications

(ii)  Syllable structure – the way consonants and vowels combine in words          

(iii)   Sound processes e.g. vowel harmony, assimilation, elision, deletion, etc. (c)  Their distribution – Environment of occurrence (initially, medially and finally e.g. /ọ/ in ọbọñ – ‘king’; ọkọ – ‘fence’).

(iv)  Adaptation of loanwords

(v)   Tone and intonation

  • High tone
  • Low tone
  • Falling tone
  • Rising tone

      (iii)  Grammar

Candidates will be required to answer one question out of the two    questions to be set.

Questions will test candidates knowledge of:

(i) Word structure and word formation: root, affixes, (prefix, suffix); compounding, borrowing, reduplication, etc.

(ii) Word classes: noun, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc

(iii) Grammatical categories: number, person, tense, negation, etc.

(iv) Phrases and clauses: types and functions

(v) The structure and types of sentences.

Section B: Literature

This section will consist of  questions on the setbooks for Oral and Written Literature.

There will be one question on each of the three setbooks for Oral Literature and the three for Written Literature, making a total of six questions. 

Candidates will be required to answer two questions out of  the six, i.e one on Oral Literature and one on Written Literature.

  • Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama
  • Prose (Folktales, legends, proverbs, riddles, etc)
  • Poetry (songs, ballads)
  • Drama (Traditional drama)

In Oral Literature, there will be three textbooks covering different genres. One question will be set on each setbook and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be three textbooks covering the different genres. One question will be set from each setbook and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.

Section C: Culture

This section will consist of questions on Customs and Institutions. Two questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer one.

Topics to be examined include:

  1. Edu Uwem (customs)
  2. Mme ubọk utom
  3. ukọ iyak
  4. utọ inwaṅ
  5. unyam urua
  6. utom usọ
  • Ukpep nti edu uwem ye mme ufon mmọ – (Good upbringing and its benefits)

–  Udia ye edu utem/unam udia nte

  • enamde kadi
  • enamdi fufu
  • ebokde mme efere
  • etemde ekpaṅ ṅkukwọ
  • uduọk mmịn – Libation
  • Nsionsio nka (Different Institutions)
  • Ubon/ekpuk – (family)
  • Usuṅ edade ebọk nditọ
  • Edu ukpono/se ekponode – (Worship)
  • Abasi
  • Ndem
  • Ibọk
  • Mbukpo
  • Mme nke (Proverbs)
  • Mme nke etopdetop
  • Ubọṅ
  • Mme ndedịbe nka ke Efịk (Secret Society)

Oral Literature

 TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
DRAMAIduo OwoUdo A. U. UsϙrϙMacmilian Nig. Pub. Ltd, 1997
PROSEMotanda Oyom  Namondo E. E. Nkana Wusen Press Ltd. 
POETRYEdikot Nwed Mbuk 4E. N. AmakuPAICO Ltd. (Press & Books), 1987

          Written Literature

 TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
DRAMAAnsa Udϙ EnañEtubom Thomas A. EffiomMacmilian Nig. Pub. Ltd, 1997
PROSEEdikot Nwed Mbuk (4-6)E. N. AmakuPAICO Ltd. (Press & Books), 1987
POETRYEdikot Nwed Mbuk 5E. N. AmakuPAICO Ltd. (Press & Books), 1987

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

  • Okpo-Eno
  • Ekere ňkpϙ ayak enim
  • Edim ukwϙ asainariwa
  • Ekokoi esua Nyϙk (Enen)
  • Idorenyin ke esit owo, asiaha nte idem
  • Mnanake ňkpo ndomo kiet ke isϙñ emi ke usen
  • Nyϙñ Udo
  • Ada eto e-fig
  • Ekombi itiat ntokon
  • Eyak ikpϙñ owo etietie suñ

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

  1. Kop Enyϙñ Asiboñ Edem K’ Otop Ikañ – pg 1
  2. Uwem Do ke Tin-Apa – pg 25
  3. Owo Edi Ñkpϙndịk – pg 35
  4. Oyobio – pg 41
  5. Garri – pg 43
  6. Idap – pg 46
  7. Tehede Ube Fo! – pg 50
  8. Mbre Ludo Ye Uwem – pg 53
  9. Ňkam Ndi Ndem, Mme Christ Edinyaña – pg 59
  10. Iyañ Ibom – pg 64

          Language

TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
Nti Edu Ukpep Nditϙ Ikϙ EfịkNERDCWest African Book Publishers Ltd, 1987
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk(4 – 6)O. A. Akpanyuñ  & othersThomas Nelson, 1978

Culture

TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
Koko 3Grace DavisGradad Prints, Calabar (2012)
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk 3O. A. Akpanyuñ  & othersThomas Nelson, 1978

General Reference Books

TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
Efịk language CourseEkefre N.UEvans Brothers Publishers, Ibadan 
A Study of Efịk for Schools and CollegesAkpanyun O.AThomas Nelson and Sons Ltd. New York
Mbet Usem Efịk Ye Ubet Nke EfikAmaku  E.N.Glad Tidings Press Ltd.
 Traditional Presentations in Efịk LanguageAmaku E.N.Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
A Learner’s Dictionary of Efik LanguageAye E.U.Evans Brothers Nigeria Publishers Ltd. 1991
Utanda Oyom NamondoE.E.NkanaWusen Press Ltd. Calabar

2016 – 2020

Oral Literature

 TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
DRAMAIyañ Abasi NdemE. N. AmakuNelson
 PROSE Obufa Edikot Ňwed 6 Mary J. EdetMacmillan. Pub.  Nigeria
 POETRYUfϙk-Uto ikϙ EfịkE.N. AmakuPAICO Ltd (Press & Books, 1987)

          Written Literature

 TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
DRAMASidịbeChief E.A. EdyangUPL Ibadan 1982
PROSEEdikot Nwed Mbuk (4 – 6)E. N. AmakuExcel Publishers 2009
POETRYUfϙk-Uto ikϙ EfịkE.N. AmakuPAICO Ltd (Press & Books, 1987)

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

  1. Idorenyin – pg 69
  2. Tuk Enye, Du Uwem – pg 71
  3. Mme Okpon Ibuot Esañ – pg 77
  4. Ọkϙp Ọwϙrϙ Mkpa – pg 79
  5. Nsem ‘Idem Owo Udϙnϙ – pg 81
  6. Baba – pg 84
  7. Ubomekϙñ Ofum Ku fe Mi – pg 91
  8. Eyen Obiom – pg 95
  9. Ukut Ye Idorenịn Owo Abasi – pg 100
  10. Enañekuñ A-Sanu – pg 118

Selected Poems – Mme Uto Emekde

  1. Kop Enyϙñ Asiboñ Edem K’ Otop Ikañ – pg 1
  2. Uwem Do ke Tin-Apa – pg 25
  3. Owo Edi Ñkpϙndịk – pg 35
  4. Oyobio – pg 41
  5. Garri – pg 43
  6. Idap – pg 46
  7. Tehede Ube Fo! – pg 50
  8. Mbre Ludo Ye Uwem – pg 53
  9. Ňkam Ndi Ndem, Mme Christ Edinyaña – pg 59
  10. Iyañ Ibom – pg 64

Language

TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
Nti Edu Ukpep Nditϙ Ikϙ EfịkNERDCWest African Book Publishers Ltd, 1987
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk(4 – 6)O. A. Akpanyuñ  & othersThomas Nelson, 1978

Culture

TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
Koko 3Grace DavisGradad Prints, Calabar (2012)
Mme Ukpepñkpϙ Ikϙ Efịk 3O. A. Akpanyuñ  & othersThomas Nelson, 1978

          General Reference Books

TITLEAUTHORPUBLISHER
Efịk language Course Ekefre N.UEvans Brothers Publishers, Ibadan 
A Study of Efịk for Schools    and CollegesAkpanyun O.AThomas Nelson and Sons Ltd. New York
Mbet Usem Efịk Ye Ubet Nke EfikAmaku  E.N.Glad Tidings Press Ltd.
 Traditional Presentations in Efịk LanguageAmaku E.N.Thomas Nelson and Sons Ltd.
A Learner’s Dictionary of Efik LanguageAye E.U.Evans Brothers Nigeria Publishers Ltd. 1991
Utanda Oyom NamondoE.E.NkanaWusen Press Ltd. Calabar
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