Studying Radiography and Becoming a Radiographer in Nigeria

Medical Radiography is the best and most lucrative medical course to study in Nigeria. It offers professionals plenty of career prospects within and outside Nigeria.

A medical radiographer is a professional that uses imaging equipment to examine the human body for medical diagnosis.

The role of the radiographer is indispensable in the medical world. Diagnosis of the world’s leading ailment will not be possible without medical imaging.

For example, the radiography profession makes the diagnosis of cancer possible. 

There are many good reasons why you should study medical radiography in Nigeria.

This post will highlight the perks of studying medical radiography and becoming a radiographer in Nigeria.

I will love to hear from you in the comment box at the end of this post. Let me know if you have any questions or need further assistance.

History of Medical Radiography in Nigeria

Medical radiography has been in existence in Nigeria since its inception in the 1940s, though it was then known as ‘radiography education’. 

Medical radiography is better regarded as ‘the eye of modern medical science‘ because it is indispensable in health care delivery in the modern world. 

Medical radiography is gaining prominence in Nigeria. It is a result of increasing advancement in the area of diagnostic biotechnology. 

Medical Radiography

Medical radiography is a department in the college of medicine that deals with the use of radiant energies in health care delivery and management.

A radiographer in Nigeria is a practitioner with a degree in medical radiography with certification from the Radiographers Registration Board of Nigeria (RRBN).

Medical radiographers produce images of the internal organs of the body. A radiologist interprets these images for medical diagnosis.

Radiography is not the same as a radiologist. A radiologist is a physician that interprets radiological examinations for diagnosis.

A medical Radiographer is a person who carries out radiological examinations.

Becoming a Radiographer in Nigeria

student studying with laptop

My journey into the medical radiography profession is somewhat funny.

Growing up as a young Nigerian student, I never knew what Medical Radiography was all about.

My mindset of being a medical professional was being a doctor or a Nursing.

It was not until I went for my chest x-ray scan in senior secondary school I came across the medical imaging profession.

After that experience, I began to research radiography. That is how I fell in love with the profession.

I am glad that I went for Medical Radiography. 

Now, let’s go to the rest of the post on studying radiography and becoming a radiographer in Nigeria.

Studying Radiography in Nigeria

The duration for Radiography and Radiological Science in Nigerian universities is five (5) years plus one (1) year each for internship and NYSC youth service.

Universities Offering Radiography in Nigeria

Nigerian university senate building

There are ten (10) universities offering medical radiography in Nigeria.

The following is the list of universities offering Radiography and Radiological Science in Nigeria;

  1. University of Calabar (UNICAL)
  2. University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN)
  3. University of Lagos (UNILAG)
  4. Bayero University Kano (BUK)
  5. University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID)
  6. Usmanu Danfodio University, Sokoto
  7. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (UNIZIK)
  8. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (ABU Zaria)
  9. University of Port-Harcourt (UNIPORT)
  10. University of Uyo (UNIUYO)

No Polytechnic, State or Private university in Nigeria offers Medical radiography currently.

Radiography Course Requirements

Below are the JAMB and O’level requirements for Medical Radiography in Nigerian universities;

JAMB Subject Combination

  • Use of English
  • Physics
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

See how to study and pass your JAMB examination excellently with high scores.

O’level Subject Combination

Students who want to study medical radiography in Nigeria must have a minimum of credit pass in the following subjects;

  • Mathematics
  • English language
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

Course Duration

Medical radiography in Nigerian universities spans five (5) years with a one (1) year compulsory internship program at the end of which you will get a bachelor’s degree (B.Sc in some universities and B.Rad in others).

The Field Medical Radiography

The following are the classification for Radiography;

  1. Industrial Radiography
  2. Medical Radiography

Division of Medical Radiography

The division of Medical Radiography is;

  • Diagnostic Radiography 
  • Therapeutic Radiography

Diagnostic Radiography

Diagnostic radiography uses ionizing and radiant energies to take pictures of the internal body structures to aid the diagnosis of diseases or injuries. 

Therapeutic Radiography

Therapeutic Radiography involves the treatment of defects or diseases with the help of radiation or ionizing energies (radiotherapy).

Medical radiography is more than a professional. It is a skill that only well-trained personnel can handle with sophisticated radiology equipment. 

Moreover, radiography is a technology-dependent profession.

A radiographer requires the same knowledge of body anatomy as a medical doctor

Radiography Specialities in Nigeria

Medical radiography and radiological science in Nigeria encompass a lot.

Some of its sub-specialities in Nigerian universities include:

  • Medical Diagnostic Radiography
  • Medical Ultrasound Technology
  • Nuclear Medicine Sciences and Technology
  • Diagnostic and Interventional radiology
  • Basic Medical Imaging
  • Pharmacology and Radiobiology
  • Radiotherapy and Oncology
  • Dosimetry
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Technology
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Radiation Protection 
  • Radiological Health Management and Education
  • Mammography
  • Dental Radiography
  • Cardiography
  • Sonography 
  • Angiography

Doctor of Radiography in Nigeria

Doctor of Radiography is a six (6) years course in Nigerian universities.

The program is not yet accredited by the National Universities Commission (NUC) for Nigerian universities.

Why Medical Radiography?

Medical radiography is the best medical course to study in Nigeria if your passion is to save lives.

Radiography offers many opportunities for students and professionals. The radiography job description fits the hospital and other related health sectors.

Job Opportunities for Radiographers

Radiography offers a whole range of job opportunities. As the field develops further in the country, job opportunities will also widen. 

Moreover, imagine a course that only ten (10) universities in Nigeria offer. It will offer more job opportunities than others.

 “Although the president of the Association of Radiographers of Nigeria, Dr Joseph Dlama, said Nigeria requires about 50,000 Radiographers for effective coverage of the entire country, there are only about 2,500…” Vanguard newspaper: Nov. 19, 2021

From the above statement, Radiographers are clearly in high demand in Nigeria.

Job Opportunities Abroad

Foreign students at the University

Brain drain has also hit the Radiography profession that even from the currently small number available, a few often move abroad in search of greener pastures

There are many opportunities for medical radiographers to practice abroad in countries like the USA, Canada, UK, etc. 

Where Can Medical Radiographers Work?

Medical Radiographers are health professionals that work in the Radiology Department of the following types of hospitals;

  • Specialist Hospitals
  • Teaching Hospitals
  • Health Clinics
  • General Hospitals
  • Industries
  • Multinational Companies
  • Civil Service

Medical radiography offers you the opportunity of being self-employed by opening a diagnostic centre.

Radiography Salary in Nigeria

Here is the radiography salary scale in Nigeria;

  • Interns = ₦95,000 – 130,000
  • Youth Corpers = ₦50,000
  • Radiography Professionals = ₦150,000 – 500,000

Richest Radiographer in Nigeria

Picture of Nursing students

The richest radiographer in Nigeria are professionals with world-class diagnostic centres in big cities like Lagos and Abuja.

Establishing a diagnostic centre is expensive in Nigeria. You need to pool resources to open and become a rich radiographer in Nigeria.

Association of Radiographers in Nigeria (ARN)

The Association of Radiographers of Nigeria is a registered health professional association representing the interest of Radiographers and Radiation therapists in Nigeria.

Membership Registration

Here are the Association of Radiographers in Nigeria (ARN) membership procedures;

  1. Visit the ARN registration Portal
  2. Select the Association of Radiographers in Nigeria (ARN)
  3. Enter your name and password
  4. Click on Sign Up
  5. Verify your email address
  6. Login to your ARN account
  7. Fill in your profile information

I will love to hear from you in the comment section.

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9 thoughts on “Studying Radiography and Becoming a Radiographer in Nigeria”

  1. Pls after graduation in medical Radiography Nigeria, pls can someone used direct entry to study medicine and surgery

    • Well, Udoh

      It depends on whether you get a high Post UTME score to meet the cut off mark.

      But, you have a chance with Medical Radiography.

    • Well, Kenny,

      The minimum points required for admission depend on your school of choice and the performance of other applicants.

      You would need 14 points to be on the safe side.

    • Hello Martins,

      You can become an entrepreneur Radiographer by selling Radiography and other medical equipment.

      A good approach is to import medical equipment from China.


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