Studying Radiography and Becoming a Radiographer in Nigeria

Medical Radiography is the best and most lucrative medical course to study in Nigeria. It offers professionals plenty of career prospects within and outside Nigeria.

A medical radiographer is a professional that uses imaging equipment to examine the human body for medical diagnosis.

The role of the radiographer is indispensable in the medical world. Diagnosis of the world’s leading ailment will not be possible without medical imaging.

For example, the radiography profession makes the diagnosis of cancer possible. 

There are many good reasons why you should study medical radiography in Nigeria.

This post will highlight the perks of studying medical radiography and becoming a radiographer in Nigeria.

I will love to hear from you in the comment box at the end of this post. Let me know if you have any questions or need further assistance.

History of Medical Radiography in Nigeria

Medical radiography has been in existence in Nigeria since its inception in the 1940s, though it was then known as ‘radiography education’. 

Medical radiography is better regarded as ‘the eye of modern medical science‘ because it is indispensable in health care delivery in the modern world. 

Medical radiography is gaining prominence in Nigeria. It is a result of increasing advancement in the area of diagnostic biotechnology. 

Medical Radiography

Medical radiography is a department in the college of medicine that deals with the use of radiant energies in health care delivery and management.

A radiographer in Nigeria is a practitioner with a degree in medical radiography with certification from the Radiographers Registration Board of Nigeria (RRBN).

Medical radiographers produce images of the internal organs of the body. A radiologist interprets these images for medical diagnosis.

Radiography is not the same as a radiologist. A radiologist is a physician that interprets radiological examinations for diagnosis.

A medical Radiographer is a person who carries out radiological examinations.

Becoming a Radiographer in Nigeria

student studying with laptop

My journey into the medical radiography profession is somewhat funny.

Growing up as a young Nigerian student, I never knew what Medical Radiography was all about.

My mindset of being a medical professional was being a doctor or a Nursing.

It was not until I went for my chest x-ray scan in senior secondary school I came across the medical imaging profession.

After that experience, I began to research radiography. That is how I fell in love with the profession.

I am glad that I went for Medical Radiography. 

Now, let’s go to the rest of the post on studying radiography and becoming a radiographer in Nigeria.

Studying Radiography in Nigeria

The duration for Radiography and Radiological Science in Nigerian universities is five (5) years plus one (1) year each for internship and NYSC youth service.

Universities Offering Radiography in Nigeria

Nigerian university senate building

There are twenty-seven (27) universities offering medical radiography in Nigeria.

The following is the list of universities offering Radiography and Radiological Science in Nigeria;

  1. University of Calabar (UNICAL)
  2. University of Nigeria, Nsukka (UNN)
  3. University of Lagos (UNILAG)
  4. Bayero University Kano (BUK)
  5. University of Maiduguri (UNIMAID)
  6. Usmanu Danfodio University, Sokoto
  7. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka (UNIZIK)
  8. Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria (ABU Zaria)
  9. University of Port-Harcourt (UNIPORT)
  10. University of Uyo (UNIUYO)
  11. David Nweze Umahi University of Medical Sciences
  12. Baze University, Abuja
  13. Gregory University, Uturu, Abia State
  14. Federal University of Technology, Owerri (FUTO)
  15. Benue State University
  16. Coal City University
  17. Federal University of Lafia (FULafia)
  18. Federal University Oye Ekiti (FUOYE)
  19. Kaduna State University
  20. Lead City University
  21. NOK University Kachia
  22. Pamo University Of Medical Sciences
  23. Osun State University
  24. Ajayi Crowther University
  25. Bingham University
  26. Evangel University
  27. Ondo State University of Medical Sciences (OSUMS)
  28. University of Benin (UNIBEN)
  29. Lagos State University (LASU)

No Polytechnic in Nigeria offers Medical radiography currently.

Radiography Course Requirements

Below are the JAMB and O’level requirements for Medical Radiography in Nigerian universities;

JAMB Subject Combination

  • Use of English
  • Physics
  • Biology
  • Chemistry

See how to study and pass your JAMB examination excellently with high scores.

O’level Subject Combination

Students who want to study medical radiography in Nigeria must have a minimum of credit pass in the following subjects;

  • Mathematics
  • English language
  • Biology
  • Chemistry
  • Physics

Course Duration

Medical radiography in Nigerian universities spans five (5) years with a one (1) year compulsory internship program at the end of which you will get a bachelor’s degree (B.Sc in some universities and B.Rad in others).

The Field Medical Radiography

The following are the classification for Radiography;

  1. Industrial Radiography
  2. Medical Radiography

Division of Medical Radiography

The division of Medical Radiography is;

  • Diagnostic Radiography 
  • Therapeutic Radiography

Diagnostic Radiography

Diagnostic radiography uses ionizing and radiant energies to take pictures of the internal body structures to aid the diagnosis of diseases or injuries. 

Therapeutic Radiography

Therapeutic Radiography involves the treatment of defects or diseases with the help of radiation or ionizing energies (radiotherapy).

Medical radiography is more than a professional. It is a skill that only well-trained personnel can handle with sophisticated radiology equipment. 

Moreover, radiography is a technology-dependent profession.

A radiographer requires the same knowledge of body anatomy as a medical doctor

Radiography Specialities in Nigeria

Medical radiography and radiological science in Nigeria encompass a lot.

Some of its sub-specialities in Nigerian universities include:

  • Medical Diagnostic Radiography
  • Medical Ultrasound Technology
  • Nuclear Medicine Sciences and Technology
  • Diagnostic and Interventional radiology
  • Basic Medical Imaging
  • Pharmacology and Radiobiology
  • Radiotherapy and Oncology
  • Dosimetry
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Technology
  • Computerized Axial Tomography
  • Radiation Protection 
  • Radiological Health Management and Education
  • Mammography
  • Dental Radiography
  • Cardiography
  • Sonography 
  • Angiography

Doctor of Radiography in Nigeria

Doctor of Radiography is a six (6) year course in Nigerian universities.

The program is not yet accredited by the National Universities Commission (NUC) for Nigerian universities.

Why Medical Radiography?

Medical radiography is the best medical course to study in Nigeria if your passion is to save lives.

Radiography offers many opportunities for students and professionals. The radiography job description fits the hospital and other related health sectors.

Job Opportunities for Radiographers

Radiography offers a whole range of job opportunities. As the field develops further in the country, job opportunities will also widen. 

Moreover, imagine a course that only ten (10) universities in Nigeria offer. It will offer more job opportunities than others.

 “Although the president of the Association of Radiographers of Nigeria, Dr Joseph Dlama, said Nigeria requires about 50,000 Radiographers for effective coverage of the entire country, there are only about 2,500…” Vanguard newspaper: Nov. 19, 2021

From the above statement, Radiographers are clearly in high demand in Nigeria.

Job Opportunities Abroad

Foreign students at the University

Brain drain has also hit the Radiography profession that even from the currently small number available, a few often move abroad in search of greener pastures

There are many opportunities for medical radiographers to practice abroad in countries like the USA, Canada, UK, etc. 

Where Can Medical Radiographers Work?

Medical Radiographers are health professionals that work in the Radiology Department of the following types of hospitals;

  • Specialist Hospitals
  • Teaching Hospitals
  • Health Clinics
  • General Hospitals
  • Industries
  • Multinational Companies
  • Civil Service

Medical radiography offers you the opportunity of being self-employed by opening a diagnostic centre.

Radiography Salary in Nigeria

Here is the radiography salary scale in Nigeria;

  • Interns = ₦95,000 – 130,000
  • Youth Corpers = ₦50,000
  • Radiography Professionals = ₦150,000 – 500,000

Richest Radiographer in Nigeria

Picture of Nursing students

The richest radiographer in Nigeria are professionals with world-class diagnostic centres in big cities like Lagos and Abuja.

Establishing a diagnostic centre is expensive in Nigeria. You need to pool resources to open and become a rich radiographer in Nigeria.

Association of Radiographers in Nigeria (ARN)

The Association of Radiographers of Nigeria is a registered health professional association representing the interest of Radiographers and Radiation therapists in Nigeria.

Membership Registration

Here are the Association of Radiographers in Nigeria (ARN) membership procedures;

  1. Visit the ARN registration Portal
  2. Select the Association of Radiographers in Nigeria (ARN)
  3. Enter your name and password
  4. Click on Sign Up
  5. Verify your email address
  6. Login to your ARN account
  7. Fill in your profile information

Let me know if you have any questions or need further clarification. I would love to assist you.

You can watch my videos on the Studentship YouTube Channel by clicking here.

Join my Facebook Group or Like my Facebook Page for more interactive discussions.

Share on:

Your go-to education blogger, offering practical strategies, expert advice, and educational resources to help students thrive academically and unlock their full potential.

123 thoughts on “Studying Radiography and Becoming a Radiographer in Nigeria”

  1. Sir Blessing, which country is the best to study Doctor of Radiography? Since no university in Nigeria offers it presently.

    And also Sir, what is the difference between a Doctor of Radiography and B.Rad?
    Difference between a Doctor of Radiography and a radiologist Sir?
    Thank you as you respond Sir.

    • Here are some of the best countries to study Doctor of Radiography:

      1. United Kingdom
      2. United States
      3. Canada
      4. Australia
      5. New Zealand

      These countries have top-ranked universities with excellent programs in radiography. They also have a strong demand for radiographers, so you will have good job prospects after graduation.

      The difference between a Doctor of Radiography (DRad) and a Bachelor of Radiography (B.Rad) is that a DRad is a doctoral degree, while a B.Rad is a bachelor’s degree. A DRad program typically takes 6 years to complete, while a B.Rad program typically takes 5 years to complete.

      A DRad program will provide you with more advanced training in radiography, such as research methods and clinical leadership. This training will prepare you for a career in research, education, or management in radiography.

      A B.Rad program will provide you with the basic training you need to work as a radiographer. This training will prepare you for a career in clinical radiography, such as working in a hospital or clinic.

      The difference between a Doctor of Radiography and a radiologist is that a radiologist is a medical doctor who specializes in radiology. A Doctor of Radiography is a healthcare professional who is trained to use imaging technology to diagnose and treat medical conditions.

      Radiologists have a medical degree and complete a residency program in radiology. They are able to interpret diagnostic images and recommend treatment plans. Radiologists also perform some imaging procedures, such as biopsies and fluoroscopy.

      Doctors of Radiography have a bachelor’s degree in radiography and may complete a master’s or doctoral degree in radiography. They are able to use imaging technology to diagnose and treat medical conditions, but they do not have the same scope of practice as radiologists. Doctors of Radiography typically work under the supervision of radiologists.

  2. Hello, I’d like to ask, I’m currently studying SLT and thinking on opting for the physics option, is it Possible I further in radiography when I’m done, either MSc or post graduate studies

  3. Good day. Thanks alot for the info on the radiography department. It really helped me to understand more about it. But, what is the cut off mark for radiography in Nnamdi Azikiwe University?

  4. Good Afternoon
    Thanks for the information it’s really help but am still doubting either physiotherapy or Radiography
    Any advice for me

    • Olawumi,

      Physiotherapy and radiography are two distinct fields within the healthcare industry, and it’s not necessarily accurate to say that one is better than the other. Both professions serve different purposes and play essential roles in patient care. Let’s explore each of them:

      1. Physiotherapy: Physiotherapy, also known as physical therapy, focuses on assessing, diagnosing, and treating physical conditions and disabilities. Physiotherapists utilize various techniques such as exercise, manual therapy, electrotherapy, and education to help patients recover from injuries, manage chronic conditions, improve mobility, reduce pain, and enhance overall physical function. They work closely with patients to develop personalized treatment plans and often collaborate with other healthcare professionals to provide comprehensive care.

      2. Radiography: Radiography involves the use of medical imaging techniques, such as X-rays, computed tomography (CT) scans, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound, to create images of the human body. Radiographers, also known as radiologic technologists, operate the imaging equipment and capture detailed images that assist in the diagnosis and treatment of various medical conditions. They work closely with radiologists, who interpret the images and provide diagnostic reports to aid in patient management.

      The choice between physiotherapy and radiography depends on your interests, career goals, and the specific contributions you wish to make in healthcare. If you have a passion for helping patients regain physical function, improve mobility, and manage pain, physiotherapy might be a better fit for you.

      On the other hand, if you are intrigued by medical imaging technology and enjoy working with advanced equipment to assist in diagnosing illnesses and injuries, radiography could be a suitable choice.

      Ultimately, both physiotherapy and radiography offer rewarding career paths and contribute significantly to patient care.

      It’s essential to research each profession further, consider your strengths and interests, and even seek advice from professionals in the field to make an informed decision that aligns with your goals and aspirations.

  5. Hi Good day
    Thankd a lot for the update it really helped I have some questions though
    1) radiography anf radiology which is preferrable, both in terms of of salary,job vacancies as in which of them is in high demand, and time which of them tends to have more time to maybe work in different hospitals as part time

    • Hello Favour,

      You cannot study Radiology at the undergraduate level. It is under Medicine and Surgery.

      On the other hand, Radiography is a lucrative course to study in Nigeria.

  6. Good day I’m studying medical laboratory science and I want to switch to radiography,do you think med lab is a lucrative course.what’s your advice

    • Hello Oprah,

      Good day! Medical laboratory science is a field that plays a crucial role in healthcare, as it involves performing laboratory tests and analyses to help diagnose and treat diseases. While the financial aspect of a career should be a consideration, choosing a field that aligns with your interests and passion is essential.

      Regarding lucrativeness, the earning potential in medical laboratory science can vary depending on your location, experience, specialization, and specific job market conditions. Medical laboratory scientists can earn a decent income, and opportunities for career advancement and specialization can lead to higher salaries.

      If you are considering switching to radiography, it’s important to research and understand the field thoroughly. Radiography is another vital component of healthcare, involving imaging technologies to diagnose and treat patients. It can be a rewarding career with its own set of challenges and opportunities.

      I advise carefully evaluating your interests, aptitude, and long-term career goals. Research the job prospects, earning potential, and growth opportunities in medical laboratory science and radiography. Additionally, consider speaking with professionals or individuals working in these fields to gain insights into their experiences and the profession’s demands.

      Ultimately, the choice should be based on your passion and where you see yourself thriving in the long run. Both medical laboratory science and radiography are essential in the healthcare industry, so choosing either field can lead to a fulfilling career.

  7. Thanks for this
    Explicit write up indeed
    *What is the significance difference between medical laboratory science and radiography
    *can a radiographer runs a private laboratory
    *Do they run medical test like urine test,blood test,sugar level and others

    • 1. Significance Difference between Medical Laboratory Science and Radiography:

      Medical Laboratory Science (MLS) and Radiography are allied healthcare professions but have distinct roles and areas of focus.
      Medical Laboratory Science involves the analysis of biological samples such as blood, urine, tissues, and other bodily fluids to diagnose and monitor diseases.

      MLS professionals perform laboratory tests, interpret the results, and collaborate with healthcare providers to guide patient care. They are responsible for operating and maintaining laboratory equipment, conducting tests, and ensuring accurate and reliable results.

      Conversely, radiography is a medical imaging technique that uses X-rays, magnetic fields, or ultrasound to produce images of the body’s internal structures. Radiographers operate imaging equipment to capture images of bones, organs, and tissues, aiding in diagnosing and treating medical conditions.

      They work closely with radiologists and other healthcare professionals to interpret images and provide valuable diagnostic information.

      The main difference lies in their primary focus: Medical Laboratory Science is centred around laboratory analysis and diagnostic testing of biological samples. At the same time, Radiography involves medical imaging techniques to visualize internal structures.

      2. Radiographer Running a Private Laboratory:

      Typically, the role of a radiographer does not involve running a private laboratory. Radiographers specialize in medical imaging and diagnostic procedures, primarily operating imaging equipment and assisting in the interpretation of images. While they may collaborate with medical laboratory professionals, their primary responsibility is performing and interpreting radiographic examinations.

      Running a private laboratory aligns more with Medical Laboratory Science, where professionals are specifically trained in laboratory techniques, sample analysis, and quality assurance. Medical laboratory professionals are typically responsible for managing and operating private laboratories, conducting tests, and ensuring accurate results.

      3. Performing Medical Tests:

      Radiographers are not primarily involved in conducting medical tests such as urine, blood, or sugar level measurements. Their role is focused on capturing medical images using specialized equipment. However, they may collect relevant patient information and prepare patients for imaging procedures.

      Medical Laboratory Scientists, on the other hand, are trained in performing a wide range of medical tests, including urine tests, blood tests, glucose level measurements, and many more. They are responsible for collecting samples, analyzing them, and interpreting the results to provide valuable diagnostic information.

      It’s important to note that specific roles and responsibilities may vary depending on the country, healthcare system, and individual scope of practice.

      • Sir Blessing Olarewanju From my research, a Radiographer can set up a diagnostic Center if he or she has the capital.

        • Olajide

          Yes, a Radiographer can set up a diagnostic center in Nigeria. However, they must meet certain requirements in order to do so.

  8. What is your advice for someone that has first degree in anatomy and wants to do second degree in either Medicine and surgery or radiography? Would you advice MBBS or Radiography? He is 29 years old.

  9. Can a holder of HND Microbiology be admitted to radiography in Nigeria university for PGD radiography.
    And what university will he be admitted

    • Abiola,

      It is not possible.

      You must study Radiography at the undergraduate level to proceed with a master’s in the said profession.

  10. This is a beautiful piece. I love the level of detail and research that went into writing this, even going further to interview a student radiographer. Radiography is not a very popular course, so this piece is truly an eye-opener. I started the program in 2021; this piece answered a lot of questions I had then. Well done!

    • Hello Adetona,

      It is lovely to hear from you.

      I am glad the article and video were helpful.

      I wish you success in your academics.

  11. Alright, this is interesting.
    I really love everything discussed here, now my question is. radiography a prestigious course in Nigeria?
    2. How well is it outside the country? it a dependable course in terms of salary?
    4. In your opinion, btw pharmacy and radiography, which one will you recommend?

    • Hello Favour,

      1. Yes, Radiography is a prestigious course to study in Nigeria.

      2. Radiography is recognized outside of Nigeria. For example, you can work in the UK as a Radiographer.

      3. Yes, Radiography is a well-paid profession like other health workers.

      4. Pharmacy if you want to stay in Nigeria. Radiography if you’re going to travel abroad.

      Let me know if you have any further questions.

  12. Thanks for the content
    You said radiology is not being taught in Nigeria so who are the image interpreters present in Nigeria because that is what a radiologist do

    • Ngozi,

      Radiology is under Medicine.

      So, it is medical doctors who specialize in Radiology that do the image interpretation.

  13. Hello
    You said radiology is not taught here in Nigeria,and the work of a radiologist is to interprete the images from scan and tests and curing of diseases using radioactivity
    My question is who is then interpreting the images if radiologist is not being taught in Nigeria

    • Ngozi,

      Radiology is under Medicine.

      So, it is medical doctors who specialize in Radiology that do the image interpretation.

  14. Can someone who had B. Sc (ed) in biology education apply for direct entry into radiography in any of the universities you mentioned sir?

  15. Can someone who had B. Sc. (Ed) in biology education apply for direct entry into radiography in any of the universities you mentioned sir?

  16. Thanks for the update,but i want to ask a question you said that radiography is a (5) five years duration course but in fulafia is (4) four years

    • Henry,

      Radiography is a five (5) course in Nigerian universities.

      Where did you get the information Radiography is four (4) years at FULAFIA?

  17. Thanks so much the article is very informative, question though what is the state of radiography study in University of Benin?

  18. Good day Sir

    Will I get a licence to establish a diagnostic centre in Nigeria after studying Radiography

    Thanks for the content, it’s really helpful

  19. Good sir, I had to change my course to radiography due to low mark in jamb but can I switch to nursing after 100 level since they are in the same faculty?

    • Hello, Felicity

      What University are you applying to study Radiography?

      It depends on the school in question.

      But, generally, you should be able to switch from Radiography to Nursing.

      It depends on the University policy.

  20. Good evening sir I love everything you said a about radiography I myself didn’t know about it when I had to change course due to cut off mark that was when I heard about it
    My parents are interested seriously in the course
    Now my question is this is radiologist a senior to radiography
    2.can I study radiography and cross to radiology

    • Hello Diamond,

      You cannot study Radiography and become a Radiologist.
      While Radiography can be seen as the art of making a radiograph, Radiology is an aspect of medicine that deals with radioactive materials and treating diseases with them.

      Radiologists are doctors. Radiographers are simply health professionals.

  21. Good evening I love everything you said about radiography my and I didn’t know about it too when I had to change course that was when I heard about the course I am really interested in the course
    Now my question is this can I study radiography and become a radiology
    2. Can I get a clear difference between them

  22. Good morning sir
    Please I just want to know if it’s possible for a student of anatomy to change to radiography after 100 level since they are in the same faculty in Uniben
    Asking for a friend……

  23. Hi sir I have HND certificate in food technology and I want to go for radiology please which university in Nigeria offers this course thanks

  24. I gained admission into FULAFIA
    to study SLT for 2021/2022 session
    but due to the strike I haven’t been
    able to resume , I applied for radiography but my utme wasn’t good enough so I changed the course in order to secure admission which I did , will I be able to switch to radiography after 100 level?
    Or should I rewrite another jamb again. Thanks in anticipation to ur
    reply sir!

    • Hello Joseph,

      The fact that SLT and Radiography are under different faculties might pose a problem.

      But if you can borrow the right courses and meet the requirements of the Department of Radiography, you’ll be able to switch successfully.

    • Ifeoluwa,

      Medicine and Surgery are five (5) years for Radiography graduates who get admission through Direct Entry.

      Let me know if you have further questions.

  25. Pls sir I scored 236 in jamb. And I then unwillingly changed my course from radiography to medlab to get a better chance for gaining admission into unizik .
    I intend to switch to radiography after the post utme result is out.
    Is it still possible for me to gain admission to study radiography if my mark is high?
    And what mark should I be targeting?

  26. Hello,please I studied Industrial Chemistry as my first degree can I use this as direct entry to study radiography?do I have to write JAMB or post UTME to be qualified?please can you help with information on how I can go about crossing or starting afresh to study radiography?
    Thanks in anticipation 🙏

    • Hello Abiola,

      It is nice to hear from you. I hope things are going great at your end.

      To answer your question, you can study Radiography via direct entry using your first degree in Industrial Chemistry.

      Though, your acceptance depends on the class of degree (2.1, 2.2, etc) you hold.

      After admission, you will start the Radiography programme at the 200 Level in the university.

      Concerning exams, it depends on if the school you are applying to conducts screening tests for direct entry.

      To increase your chances for admission, you could also register for JAMB UTME alongside the Direct Entry.

      • Good day, Sir…
        It’s my pleasure to write you here..

        I must say that this is a very good content..
        I gained a merit admission to study Medical radiography and radiation science last year November for 2021/2022 academic session but we haven’t commenced as a result of the incessant ASUU strike…
        Sir, I want to humbly correct an assertion you made here, you said that there’s no state or private university taking Radiography…

        There are about three or four private universities who are taking Radiography eg the Base university in Abuja, Gregory University Uturu, Abia State etc..

        Then, that of the state university,
        it’s only the new King David university of medical sciences Uburu,Ebonyi state which was fully supervised and accredited by NUC last year. The school offers all medical courses in Nigeria and they have their teaching hospital.

        👆 Recently, about two months ago, when Buhari visited Ebonyi state for the commission of all the completed project done by the governor, the university was among them and Umahi, the Ebonyi state governor promised to name the school “after” Buhari.

        Sir, I learnt that FUTO is currently taking medicine and radiography but don’t know their stand in terms of accreditation…

        Thank you

        • Hello Isaac,

          Thank you for the correction.

          At the time this post was published, the following universities were not offering Radiography.

          All the necessary corrections and updates have been done.

          Thanks once again.

          I wish you success in your academics.

  27. Pls after graduation in medical Radiography Nigeria, pls can someone used direct entry to study medicine and surgery

    • Well, Udoh

      It depends on whether you get a high Post UTME score to meet the cut off mark.

      But, you have a chance with Medical Radiography.

    • Well, Kenny,

      The minimum points required for admission depend on your school of choice and the performance of other applicants.

      You would need 14 points to be on the safe side.


Leave a Comment