WAEC Syllabus for Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works 2023/2024

The WAEC syllabus for Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works exam.

Studying the Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works syllabus is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works syllabus and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

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WAEC Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works

There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken.

Papers 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting in 1 hour 45 minutes for 100 marks.

Paper 1: Will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which are to be answered in 45 minutes for 40 marks.

Paper 2: This Will consist of five short-structured questions.  Candidates will be required to answer any four in 1 hour for 60 marks.

Paper 3: It will be a practical test of 3 hours duration for 100 marks.  It will be a workpiece involving laying of a total number of blocks not exceeding 30 and where the workpiece is made of bricks only, the total number of bricks shall not exceed 100.

Where the workpiece to be laid is a combination of bricks and blocks, this will not contain more than 20 blocks and 40 bricks. (i.e. in composite walling). 

A list of materials for the test shall be made available to schools not less than two weeks before the paper is taken for material procurement and relevant preparations.

Alternative to Practical Test

Alternatively, in the event that materials for the actual practical test cannot be acquired, the Council may consider testing theoretically, candidates’ level of acquisition of the practical skills prescribed in the syllabus. 

For this alternative test, there will be two compulsory questions to be answered in 3 hours for 100 marks.

WAEC Block Laying, Brick Laying and Concrete Works Syllabus

  1. Workshop and site safety
  2. Basic tools and equipment
  3. Site preparations and setting – out
  4. Manufacture, application and properties of blocks and bricks.
  5. Concreting materials
  6. Formwork for construction work.
  7. Concreting operations
  8. Basic principles of substructure construction work including ground floors
  9. Upper floors
  10. Walls
  11. Openings in walls.
  12. Stairs construction
  13. Scaffold and scaffolding
  14. Finishes
  15. Construction of drainage system.
  16. Kerbs
  17. Business opportunities in Building

List of Tools and Equipment

TOOLS                                                                       EQUIPMENT

1.         Internal angle trowel                                      1.         A complete set of scaffolding,                                                                                fittings and scaffolding pipes

2.         External angle trowels                                  2.         Block moulding machines

3.         Pointing trowel                                               3.         Buckets

4.         Hand trowel                                                    4.         Concrete mixer

5.         Block axe                                                       5.         Concrete vibrator (Poker and clamp-on)

6.         Boat level                                                       6.         Gauge box

7.         Bolster                                                            7.         Manual hand mould                         

8.         Club hammer                                                 8.         Hand rammer

9.         Builders square                                             9.         Hand sieves (various sizes)

10.       Brick hammer                                                10.       Headpan

11.       Cold chisel                                                     11.       Levelling instrument 

12.       Corner blocks                                                12.       Measuring tape                                

13.       Folding rule                                                    13.       Pick axe                                

14.       Gauge rod or rule                                          14.       Slump test apparatus.                     

15.       Hawk                                                              15.       Tyrolean machine                            

16.       Joint duster                                                    16.       Water hoses and roses                   

17.       Jointers                                                          17.       Wheelbarrow.                                   

18.       Jointing board/caulking board                     18.       Terrazzo grinding machine             

19.       Line and pin                                                                          

20.       Mason’s hand saw   

21.       Metal float                                         

22.       Plastering trowel                                           

23.       Plumb rule and bob                                                                                      

24.       Builder’s line 

25.       Spade

26.       Shovel

27.       Claw hammer

28.       Gauge lath                                        

29.       Pointing tools

30.       Pointing trowel

31.       Range.

32.       Spirit level.

33.       Steel square

34.       Straight edge

35.       Skutch

36.       Square and bevel

37.       Tingle plate

38.       Wire brush

39.       Wooden float.

1Barry’s introduction to construction of BuildingsStephen Emmett and Christopher A GorseBlackwell Publishing.
2Building TechnologyIvor H. SeeleyPalgrave
3Building Construction, Volumes 1 – 4MckayLongman
4Principles of constructionRoger Greeno. 
5Advanced Building Construction Volumes 1 & 2C. M. H. Baritt.Longman
6Construction Technology Volumes 1 – 4R. Chudley.Longman
7Building Construction for Senior Secondary Schools. Volumes 1 – 3L. A. Adesokan and M. O. Adeniyi.Ilesanmi
8Blocklaying and concreting Industrial Crafts SeriesM. O. ObandeLongman
9Brickwork Volume 1 – 3W. G. Nash 
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