WAEC Syllabus for Tourism & Recommended Textbooks 2024/2025

The WAEC syllabus for Tourism is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Tourism exam.

Studying the Tourism subject is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using the Tourism syllabus are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Tourism and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Tourism


The syllabus is designed to evaluate the candidates’ knowledge and skills in the potential available in the tourism industry. The syllabus is based on the assumption that not less than three teaching periods or 2 hours per week will be allocated to the subject during the senior secondary school course.


The examination will test candidates’ ability to:

  • explain the concepts associated with tourism activities such as tourism, tourist, tourist attraction, tour operation, excursion, travel agency etc;
  • acquire knowledge of tourist attraction centres and their locations;
  • understand the financial, social and developmental benefits of tourism to a nation;
  • explain the tourism and cultural festivals of a nation;
  • acquire the basic knowledge of the operations of travel agency and tour businesses;
  • understand the roles and functions of public and private agencies in tourism;
  • develop skills in tourism entrepreneurship.


The students should be exposed to field work through excursions to tourism industry sites such as airports, sea ports, beaches, landforms, game reserves, national parks, museums, hotels, tour agencies, etc on which they should be examined as part of their continuous assessment in schools.

The scores for the field work should account for 40 per cent of the total continuous assessment scores of the students that will be forwarded to the examining body.


 The subject will be examined as a composite paper made up of two papers-papers 1 & 2 to be answered in 2 hours 30 minutes.

Paper1: will comprise 40 multiple choice questions drawn to cover the entire syllabus.

Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 40 minutes for 40 marks.

Paper 2: will consist of two Sections, A and B.

Section A: will consist of ten restricted-response essay questions, all of which must be answered for  40 marks. Candidates are advised not to spend more than 50 minutes on this section.

Section B: will consist of 5 essay type questions of which candidates will be expected to answer any 3 questions only for 60 marks in one hour.


  1. Concepts
  2. Scope
  3. History of tourism
  4. Types of tourism
  5. Tourism and travel business
  6. Components of tourism
  7. Tourist product
  8. Tourist attractions in a nation
  9. Tourism statistics
  10. Benefits of tourism
  11. Festivals and heritages in a nation


  • Reasons for travel
  • Travel agency business
  • Tour operating business
  • Support services
  • Public agencies in tourism
  • Private agencies in tourism
  • Tourism marketing
  • Entrepreneurship in tourism
  • Service delivery in tourism
  • Skill acquisition


  • Brian Boniface and Christopher Cooper (2001) The Geography of Travel and Tourism, 3rd Edition, Published by Butterworth-Henneiman. London
  • Clins Cooper, John Fletcher, Alam Fyall, David Gilbert and Stephen Wallhill (2009) Tourism Principle and Practice, 2nd Edition, Published by Pehentice Hall.London.
  • Jeanne Semer Purzycki (2000)  Travel Vision: A Practical Guide for the Travel, Tourism and Hospitality Industry, Published by Prechentice Hall.
  • John Hibbs (2000) An Introduction to Transport Studies, 3rd Edition, Published by Kogan Yak.
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