WAEC Syllabus for Picture Making & Textbooks 2024/2025

The WAEC syllabus for Picture Making is the topic you must study to sit for the examination. It contains the aims and objectives, notes and format for the Picture Making exam.

Studying the Picture Making subject is necessary for your exam preparation. It will serve as a guide for you to know the topics to read. There are also notes on concepts you should pay attention to learning.

Exam preparations without using Picture Making are like going to the farm without your agricultural tools. You will end up not being productive.

Ensure you begin your exam preparations using the syllabus.

This post contains the Picture Making and recommended textbooks of the West African Examination Council (WAEC).

WAEC Picture Making


The teaching syllabus provides students offering Picture Making at the Senior High School level in Ghana, the opportunity to develop their talents and acquire knowledge and skills in all areas of Picture Making such as drawing, painting, decoration, collage, mosaic making, marquetry, printmaking, etc.


The examination syllabus aims at testing the candidates’ knowledge and skill in theory and practical aspects of Picture Making.

The main objectives are:

(i) assessing candidates’ knowledge and competence in the use of local resources in Picture Making for personal development and nation-building.

(ii) testing candidates’ understanding and appreciation of Picture Making.

(iii) testing candidates’ knowledge and understanding of the use of the computer as a tool in Picture Making.

(iv) assessing candidates’ awareness of the various career and job opportunities in picture making.


There will be three papers, Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken.  Papers 1 and 2 will be composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1:  Will consist of forty multiple-choice objective questions all of which must be answered within 50 minutes for 40 marks.  

PAPER 2:  Will consist of six essay-type questions.  Candidates will be required to answer four questions within 2 hours for 60 marks.

PAPER 3:  Will be two practical projects out of which candidates will execute one within five days, working for six hours each of the days.  The paper will carry 80 marks.

The questions will be sent to the candidates two weeks before the execution period for candidates to study.  Designing sketches and preparatory notes should also be done within the two weeks prior to the execution of the project.  

These will carry 20 marks.  The total mark for the paper is therefore 100.

WAEC Picture Making Syllabus

(1) Picture making as a vocation and its importance

(i) Developing awareness in the world of colour, career opportunities in Picture making e.g. Muralist, illustrators, painters and scapiest, portraitist, glass stainers, mosaicist and decorators.

(ii) Studying the works of contemporary Ghanaian artists, e.g. the drawings, paintings and murals of great artists like Kofi Antobam (drawing and painting), Prof. Asihene, and Dr. S.K. Amenuke (painting).

(2) Analyses of the social and economic importance of picture making in Ghana.

(3) Basic design and composition in picture making

Definition, planning, principles and components of a composition, types of composition, what to compose and qualities of good composition.

(4) Drawing/illustration

  • Exploration of tools and materials for drawing, e.g.charcoal sticks, pencil, etc.
  • Tools and materials: identification, selection, use and maintenance.
  • Drawing/Illustrations: Types, idea development:
  • Purpose; observation, recording, expressions and communicating concepts.  

The drawings will be based on natural and man-made objects, human beings and their activities, imaginative compositions, the application of the principles of linear and aerial perspective.

Meaning and scope of illustration:  definition, types and purpose of illustrations.

(5) Painting

(i) Identification of types of tools and media:- crayon, poster, acylic, tempera, etc.  

(ii) The definition and explanation of painting;

(iii) Theory of colour; the study and mixture of colour, i.e. the nature of colour on difference surfaces, e.g. tones and colour behavior, colour, psychology, symbolism and their application.  

(iv) Painting media and techniques associated with their usage.   Exercises on colour, using different media – watercolour,acrylic, oil colour, pastels, crayon and mixed media.  

(v) Different styles of painting:  abstract, realistic, etc.

(6) Print making

Principles of printmaking:  printmaking as an aspect of picture making, e.g. block pyrography, serigraphy, intaglio, etc.

(7) Collages, mosaics, montage, appliqué, marquetry and montages

Definition and explanation, types of collages, mosaics, etc., exploration of tools and materials, planning and processes of execution.

(8) Mural painting, frieze, fresco, panel work

(i) Concepts, scope and general characteristics.  

(ii) Style and type of murals, e.g. relief, incised, plain graphic.  

(iii) Principle of composition and execution of mural painting.  

(iv) Projects on mural paintings using Ghanaian examples.

(9) Body Art

(i) Study of body decoration.  

(ii) History and significance of body painting.  

(iii) The concept and scope.  

(iv) Examples of body decoration in reference to Ghanaian examples. E.g. the dipo custom, exercise in body adornment.

(v) Types:  scarification, tattooing, coiffure, costume, etc.

(10) Colour

Definition, classification/types, concepts and significance.

(11) History of painting

Scope, concepts/characteristics, exponents and significance/contribution to the development of art.

(12) Entrepreneurial skill in practice

(i) Introduction to marketing.  

(ii) Basic concepts in costing, pricing and marketing of artifacts.  

(iii) Survey, cost, production, pricing and marketing of art products.

(13) Exhibition, studio, gallery and museum

Planning and mounting of exhibition, importance of exhibition, maintenance and significance of studio, galleries and museums.

(14) Digital painting

Concepts, principles and components of the computer.  Computer as a drawing tool using available softwares.

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