# How to Calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities

In my first year at the University, many classmates and I had no clue about calculating our GPA, let alone CGPA.

I remember how we ran helter-skelter to calculate our Cumulative Grade Point Average for the NNPC/Total Undergraduate Scholarship.

The calculation of CGPA at the University sounded like complex mathematics work.

Some students had to pay senior students for the calculation of their results.

Well, the calculation of CGPA is not a complex mathematics problem. It is easy, and you can do it yourself by following the steps in this post.

In this post, I will be showing you the easy way that you can use to calculate your GPA for your first and second semesters. You will learn how to calculate GPA from CGPA.

Also, you will know how to calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities like the University of Ibadan, UNN, AAU, UNILAG, NOUN, OAU, UNIPORT, UNILORIN, etc. and other tertiary institutions in Nigeria.

Note that the method for calculating GPA and CGPA in all Nigerian Universities is the same as the procedures here.

First-year and other students will find this post helpful. But first, let me explain the meaning of GPA and CGPA in Nigerian Universities.

Let me know in the comment box if you need clarification. I will get back to you as soon as possible.

The grading system in Nigeria’s tertiary institutions uses over a hundred scores.

Thirty (30) marks are for continuous assessment, while seventy (70) are for examination scores.

Test scores, assignments and class presentations make up your continuous assessment.

Here is the grading system for Nigerian Universities;

## GPA

GPA stands for grade point average. It is the grade point for your first and second-semester results.

You need to know your course score to calculate either semester’s GPA.

Below is a sample of a first-year student’s first and second-semester results at the University.

### First Semester Course Outline

#### First Semester GPA Calculation

##### GPA Formula

The formula for calculating CPA is Quality Point/Credit Unit or Total/Unit

• Unit = Credit Unit
• Total = Quality Point

You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the first semester.

• Total Quality Point (TQP) = 63
• Total Credit Uni (TCU) = 19
• GPA = 63/19 = 3.32

From our calculation, the CPA for the first semester is 3.32.

Now let us calculate the GPA for the second semester.

### Second Semester Course Outline

#### Second Semester Result

The table below shows the second-semester result we would use for the calculation.

#### Second Semester GPA Calculation

You will divide the total point by the total number of credit unit loads for the second semester.

• Total Quality Point (TQP) = 51
• Total Credit Uni (TCU) = 15
• GPA = 51/15 = 3.4

From our calculation, the CPA for the first semester is 3.4.

Now, we can calculate the Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA).

I hope you have understood the calculations up to this point. Let me know in the comment if there is any confusion.

## CGPA

CGPA stands for cumulative grade point average. It is an addition to your first and second semester GPA.

An academic session in the University comprises the first and second semesters.

The formula to calculate the CGPA is the summation of the Total Quality Point (TQP)/Total Credit Unit (TCU) for both semesters of the first year.

CGPA Formula = Σ TQP/TCU

CGPA = Σ TQP/TCU

CGPA = 114 + 34 = 3.35

From our calculation, the CGPA for the first year is 3.35.

Now let us calculate the final CGPA for a four year course.

## Final Year CGPA

The final year CGPA is an addition to your Total Quality Points and Total Credit Unit from the first to your last year.

For this calculation, I will sum the Total Quality Point (TQP) and Total Credit Unit (TCU) for each academic session.

Below is the CGPA of a student from the first year to the final year.

Final CGPA = Σ TQP/TCU

Final CGPA = 487/124 = 3.93

From our calculation, the graduating CGPA is 3.93.

The same procedure applies to students studying a five (5) or six (6) years course at the University.

### Example of CGPA Calculation

To calculate your final CGPA, you need to multiply each semester’s Grade Point Average (GPA) by the credit unit of the course, add up the total grade points earned for all semesters, and divide by the total credit units. The formula is:

CGPA = Total Grade Points / Total Credit Units

Here’s how to calculate your CGPA from 100L to 500L:

1. Multiply the GPA of each semester by the credit units for that semester to get the total grade points earned for that semester.
• For example, for 100L, assuming a total of 30 credit units, the total grade points earned would be:
1.80 GPA x 30 credit units = 54 grade points
• For example, for all five years, the total grade points earned would be:
54 + 45.6 + 95.1 + 92.4 + 94.2 = 381.3 grade points
3. Add up the total credit units for all semesters.
• For example, for all five years, the total credit units would be:
30 + 36 + 38 + 40 + 45 = 189 credit units
4. Divide the total grade points earned by the total credit units to get your final CGPA:
CGPA = 381.3 / 189 = 2.02

Therefore, your final CGPA is 2.02.

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### 84 thoughts on “How to Calculate CGPA in Nigerian Universities”

1. I don’t understand you man that means the sessional cgpa is not useful.

• Alternatively, you can start the calculation from scratch using the steps highlighted in this post.

2. Assuming my year one to year 5 help me calculate this cgpa from 100L and 500L
100L CGPA 1.80
200L CGPA 1.52
300L CGPA 3.17
400L CGPA 3.07
500L CGPA 3.14
how do you calculate to get your final CGPA. do you add 1.80 + 1.52+3.17+3.07+3.14 and divide by 5? Please

• To calculate your final CGPA, you need to multiply each semester’s Grade Point Average (GPA) by the credit unit of the course, add up the total grade points earned for all semesters, and divide by the total credit units. The formula is:

CGPA = Total Grade Points / Total Credit Units

Here’s how to calculate your CGPA from 100L to 500L:

1. Multiply the GPA of each semester by the credit units for that semester to get the total grade points earned for that semester. For example, for 100L, assuming a total of 30 credit units, the total grade points earned would be:
1.80 GPA x 30 credit units = 54 grade points

2. Add up the total grade points earned for all semesters. For example, for all five years, the total grade points earned would be:
54 + 45.6 + 95.1 + 92.4 + 94.2 = 381.3 grade points

3. Add up the total credit units for all semesters. For example, for all five years, the total credit units would be:
30 + 36 + 38 + 40 + 45 = 189 credit units

4. Divide the total grade points earned by the total credit units to get your final CGPA:
CGPA = 381.3 / 189 = 2.02

Therefore, your final CGPA is 2.02.

3. 100L CGPA 1.80
200L CGPA 1.52
300L CGPA 3.17
400L CGPA 3.07
500L CGPA 3.14

• Izuchukwu,

How did you arrive at these CGPAs?

You’d need your total quality points and credit units to calculate your final CGPA.

4. My first year to 4year is 3.00CGPA..
Am in my final year (5th year) now is it still possible for me to graduate with 2.1..

• Ify,

Calculate your final CGPA, assuming you get a CGPA of 4.5 in your last year.

See if it will go up to 2.1.

5. How can I make my CGPA 2.00
Am in my final year extension and my CGPA is 1.48

• Hello Cyrill,

All you can do is put in your best in your final year.

6. Hi, after calculating a gpa for first and second year and the cgpa is falling under second class upper , the course for four years so how can one graduate with a first class

• Belle,

Let me know if you have any further questions.

7. Pls if I got
4.45 lm my first year
4.26 in my second year
4.47 in my third year
4.55 in my forth year
Haven’t done my fifth year yet
Is there a chance of me getting a first class

• Yes, Benedicta

There is a good chance of getting a first class.

You are doing well. Put in more effort and ensure you get an almost 5.0 in your final year.

8. Thank you very much. I penned down the procedures. Thanks!

• You’re welcome Babangida,

Cheers.

9. Hello
Pls i got 2.35 cgpa in my first year
And 3.09 in my second year cgpa
Am in my 3rd year of 4years course
Is ut possible for my to get a second class upper in my overrall final year cgpa

• Yes, Blessed,

It is possible, assuming you will get a first class CGPA in your third and final year.

10. Can I still have a first class with 3.63 as my CGPA for my first year??

• Tife,

Assuming you maintain a CGPA above 4.8 for the other sessions, it may be possible.

11. Good day sir, thank you for the tutorial. Please can someone get a 2’1 if 1st year-2.90, 2nd year-3.01, 3rd year- 3.12 and is not done with the final year yet? Thank you sir

• Hello Grace,

It is nice to hear from you.

We will have to confirm mathematically.

Make a calculation using a final year CGPA of 3.5.

Let’s see if you will make a 2’1.

12. Hey there, so my cgpa is a 2.9 im in my 3rd year 1st semester of a 4year course, what are my chances of getting a 1st class or atleast a 2:1

• Hello David,

Unfortunately, you cannot a first class with your current CGPA.

13. Hey great article, my gpa is a 2.9 and im just starting my 3rd year, so you think it’s possible to get atleast a 2:1 or first class, what are your thoughts?

• Hello OJ,

You will not be able to make a first class with your current CGPA.

• Sir, I’m on 2.41 in my 300 level, can I make a 2:1 in my final year (400 level)

• It is doubtful.

14. Miracle
Thanks for being detailed it really helful

• Miracle,

15. Please do extra year affect cgpa
If yes how much effect does it have on it

• No

16. And also how is 300 and 400 level academic work like?

• Hello Destiny,

What course are you studying?

17. I got a Cgpa of 3.10 in my first year, currently in my second year
My school uses 44 and below as F and even up till now, I still can’t believe I got a carryover and in a course I never thought I would fail, but I got a 40

I know you get asked this question alot, but do you think a first class is still possible ?

Most people say they party in year 1 but I did not, I guess I failed because I didn’t study hard and effectively enough but I’m a changed person, meaning working better for good grades

It did hurt when I saw an F, but I’m am absolutely fine, like no depression or low self esteem or other psychological whatever, totally okay but it still hurts I failed, is this normal?

• Hello Destiny,

It is nice to hear from you.

What’s the duration of your course of study at the university?

18. I am in my second year first semester of a five years course and my CGPA is 3.50, can I make it to first class in my final year?

• Yes, it is possible.

It depends on your CGPA for the remainder of your stay in school.

You can do the calculations to see the required CGPA to make the first class.

19. Can the university decided to add like 0.15 to everyone’s CGPA?

• Hello Mattew,

E was introduced as a pass grade but not all universities have implemented it.
No, 0.15 cannot be added to everyone’s grade unless under extreme circumstances.

20. Thanks for the detailed explanation. Good morning please if for example. Your CGPA for your year 1-6 is 2.33 then your year 7 CGPA is 3.40 how do you calculate to get your final CGPA?

• Hello Richard,

You’ll have to add your total quality points for all 7 years and divide it by your total credit unit for all the years to get your CGPA at the end of 7 years.

21. Hi thanks for the detailed explanation. Please how do I calculate my final cgpa if my cgpa from year 1 to 6 is 2.33 and my cgpa for the 7th year is 3.40. Plus how do I get my final overall cgpa for the whole years

22. Hi Blessing,

Well done on the good work of breaking this down. As you said, many people do not understand it.

• Dear Pete,

Thank you for engaging our Post.

23. The calculation you did is for 4years course. If it were to be a 5yrss course. Would it be addition of all cgpa for the 5years divided by 5?

• Yes, Comfort

It would be divided by 5 for a five (5) year course.

24. Wow! This is what I have been looking for . It’s very helpful thanks for update. Cheers

• Hello Masaga,

25. Thanks for this post, it’s really helpful but please, can i still have first class if i did direct entry and started from year two? And how will they calculate my score?

• Yes, Divine.

You can make a first-class as a Direct Entry student.

The only difference is that your CGPA would be divided by three (3) or four (4) depending on the duration of your course.

26. My CGPA from yr 1 to yr 4 1st semester is 4.26
I am currently doing a 5yr program… Can I still make a first class? Or is it too late?

• Vanvicko,

Do the calculations with a CGPA of 5.0 for your final year and fourth year second semester.

Check if it will sum up to a first-class CGPA.

That way you will know your chances.

• To get the Final CGPA, is it the total sum of all semesters ( including first and second) or only second semester?

• Prisca,

It is the total of your CGPA (GPA for the first and second semester) for each academic session divided by the duration of your course of study.

Let me know if you have further questions.

27. Please explain this vividly for us who did direct entry.
I graduated with 2.99 in my ND program and I got admitted through direct entry.
How will my result be calculated.

If I then get 3.5 in my first semester year 2(direct entry) how would my cgpa be calculated adding my previous school CGPA.
Please explain with series of examples. Thanks.

• Hello, Ken

So, your ND result has nothing to do with your result here at the university.

Your result would be calculated like every other student except for the first year.

Let me know if you need further guidance.

• Hello boss I am in 1.89 cgpa in my first semester 300lv plz can I still make it Atlist to 2nd class lower

• It may be possible depending on the CGPA you get in your final year.

28. Will a carryover have thesame grade or less?

• Yes, Ogo

A carryover has the same grade.

• For Someone rewriting a course because of carryover.

The new grade will be replacing the initial one right?

• Harry,

29. If someone had an extension will it affect the calculation of CGPA??? If yes kindly explain how. Thanks

• If by extension you mean an extra year.

Then, it will affect your CGPA in a good way.

An extra year is a good chance to increase your CGPA. This is because you have the opportunity to take extra courses that will boost your CGPA.

Let me know if you have further questions.

• Yes please I will like to talk to you privately, maybe via email. How can that be possible please.

• Alright, Ogo

30. Dear sir,
For a Direct Entry student who got 4.19 in first semester exam in 200level. Is it still possible to graduate with 1st class? what are the chances

• Yes, Freeman

You have a good chance to graduate in a first-class.

31. Good evening.. for example you did direct entry programme and then started university from year 2 after finishing the direct entry programme.. how would you calculate your results

• Hello Abasiubong,

It is the same process for direct entry students.

For example, the final CGPA for DE students studying a four (4) will be Session CGPA/3

32. Can a 3.45 be approximated to 2.1?

• No, James.

2.1 is 3.5 to 4.49.

33. If I have a …
3.0 in my first year
2.98 in my second year
3.55 in my third year, can I graduate with a 4.0 in my fifth year?

• Assuming you get a 5.0 CGPA in your final year.

It would not be up to a 4.0.

34. Can someone with 4.45 in their thirdly year still make first class?

• It is possible if you can get a high CGPA in your final year.

35. Someone who had 100 1.96 CPGA
200 2.59
300 3.28
Not yet done 400 &500 can the person have still have first class

• No, it is not possible.

But the person can make a 2.1 assuming he/she gets 5.0 CGPA in both 400 and 500 levels.

36. Good evening please if for example. You are on a 5 years course and your CGPA for your year 1-4 is 3.34. then your year 5 CGPA is 4.05. how do you calculate to get your final CGPA. do you add 3.34 + 4.05 and divide by 2? Please respond in my email thanks

37. Thanks for being so detailed,it really helped 🙂

• Shemilore,

Cheers.

• Assuming my year one to year 3 cgpa is 2.41
And I got 4.56 gpa in my 400 level first semester… Is there a possibility of making a 2:1 at the end of second semester?

• 